"I believe two or three things about home schooling. I've had a lot of experience with this, because I was a Governor at a time when this was being debated around America.
I think that States should explicitly acknowledge the option of home schooling, because it's going to be done anyway. It is done in every State in the country. And therefore, the best thing to do is to get the home schoolers organized, if they're not organized in your State, deal with them in a respectful way, and say, 'Look, there is a good way to do this and a not so good way to do this, but if you're going to do this, your children have to prove that they're learning on a regular basis. And if they don't prove that they're learning, then they have to go into a school, either into a parochial or a private school or a public school. But if you're going to home school your kids, the children have to learn. That's the public interest there.'
And that's what we did in Arkansas. The Home School Association strongly supported it, accountability for what their children were learning. There will always be, in any given State, a certain percentage of people, normally a small percentage, for reasons of personal values or educational philosophy, will want to do that. And most of the time they're very dedicated parents, deeply committed to what they're doing. And I can tell you this: It's going to happen regardless, so it's better to have laws which have standards on it.
From my personal point of view, I never— it wasn't an option in our family, but if it had been I wouldn't have done it, because I wanted my daughter to go to school where she would be exposed to all different kinds of people and see how the larger society worked and be a part of it. But I think that we should explicitly make that option available; we should respect the people who choose it; but we ought to say, 'If you do it, your children have to demonstrate that they know what they're supposed to know when they're supposed to know it.'"
"The college-admissions environment for homeschoolers wasn't always so welcoming. As recently as five years ago, most schools were understandably stumped by applications with teacher recommendations written by Mom and Dad, lengthy high school transcripts that listed textbooks instead of courses, and grades that rarely dropped below A's. 'When homeschoolers were applying to college in the early '90s, the schools didn't know what to make of them,' says Cafi Cohen, 50, who taught her two children at home and wrote Homeschooling: The Teen Years. 'Now most colleges have a policy for dealing with them, and some schools are just about rolling out the red carpet.'"
"In no other setting are parents as able to direct in all aspects the education of their children, for in homeschools they are responsible not only for determining what their children shall learn, but when, how and with whom they shall learn. If it is permissible for parents to homeschool their children, then we will have gone a long way toward identifying the wide scope of parental authority over the education of their children, or put conversely, toward severely limiting the role of the state in educational supervision."
"Home-schooling is a small but fast-growing movement that includes, but is certainly not limited to, an eclectic mix of Christian fundamentalists, aging hippies, and inner-city minorities chastened by highly dysfunctional public schools. Their motivations range from conservative concerns about the values taught in public schools to more liberal worries that public schools stress conformity over creativity. Stereotyping is no longer possible in a movement that is just as likely to include Creationists as it is avid fans of Howard Gardner’s theories of multiple intelligences. In fact, the standardized-testing binge in many states may be the largest source of new converts to home schooling.”
"The individualized attention of home schooling means that students can learn at their own pace and master material before moving on. The opposite is also true: they are not held back by slower students. Parents can personalize the student’s lessons, making home schooling more reminiscent of a classic tutorial system than a modern classroom setting."
"One main complaint of mother-educators is that feminists (outsiders) often display a dismissive or insulting attitude toward their lifestyle. In short, feminists look down on them as less liberated than working women. They see stay-at-home moms as part of the patriarchal structure (the nuclear family with traditional values) that is the wellspring of gender oppression.
Homeschooling constitutes a revolution in education. But it is also one of the most significant trends to affect women and families in decades, especially since it is led by mother-educators. Homeschooling is part of a social shift by which women are moving back toward traditional family values, not because they have to but because they want to do so.
Analysis of homeschooling has focused on the children—and properly so—but the relationship of mother-educators to feminism deserves investigation in its own right. Homeschooling is a trend that mainstream feminism is resisting because the teaching at-home mom threatens many of the values it espouses, including financial independence."
"As the number of homeschooling families continues to increase rapidly across the United States, many in higher education have begun to target this group as an emerging market to include in their recruitment plans. When I worked in the admission office at Ball State University (IN), we realized that the number of Indiana homeschoolers was growing and that most of the homeschoolers who were applying seemed well-prepared academically. I took on the duties of coordinator of homeschool relations, and we began to reach out more intentionally to the homeschool community.
Research showed that our homeschooled students had above average SAT and ACT scores (1210 and 29 respectively). They also performed better academically. They had a combined cumulative grade point average of 3.47, compared to the 2.91 shared by the general student population. Through semi-structured interviews, I found they were also doing well socially."
National Association for College Admission Counseling
"Socialization questions are asked of nearly every homeschool parent and every homeschool teenager. Some of them tire of the questions; others receive them as an opportunity to spread the word about one of their favorite topics. These questions arise mainly in societies in which the institutionalization of children is the norm for children during the ages of six to 18.
More specifically, the first question usually asks if the child will experience healthy social, emotional and psychological development. Numerous studies, employing various psychological constructs and measures, show the home-educated are developing at least as well, and often better than, those who attend institutional schools .... No research contravenes this evidence. For example, regarding aspect of self-concept in the psychological development of children, several studies have revealed that the self-concept of homeschooled students is significantly higher than that of public school students. As another example, Shyers ... found the only significant childhood social interaction difference between the institutionally-schooled and homeschoolers was that the institutionally-schooled had higher problem behavior scores."
National Association for College Admission Counseling
"Although not statistically significant, the average first-year GPAs, credits earned in the first year, ACT Composite test scores, and ACT English, Mathematics, Reading, and Science and Reasoning subtests for home school graduates were all higher than traditional high school graduates."
"Well, the world is overly complex. Lots of different types of people, of cultural forces. Hiding off somewhere and teaching your kids away from the influence of a socially formative school environment can make it harder for your children to learn about the give-and-take of life in our present-day culture.
Listen, I am not advocating that home-schooling should be outlawed. Of course there should be exemptions- where the child is in physical danger in their public school, when the child is physically immobile, where the family lives in a remote geographical area. In these cases- and when a parent professionally trained as a qualified educator is available- sure, home schooling would be OK."
"Along with vouchers and charter schools, homeschooling is now considered a true alternative to the public school system. In 2000, 3 percent of elementary and secondary schoolchildren were homeschooled; only 1 percent were in charter schools and a mere one-tenth of 1 percent had vouchers to attend private schools. On the basis of numbers alone, we can see that homeschooling is not limited to the antiestablishment, to fundamentalist religious groups, or to those in the most rural of communities, as was once the claim. It is now the largest school reform alternative.
This increased growth, interestingly enough, has not come at the expense of student performance - quite the opposite. Comparisons in achievement tests of homeschooled students with national averages for all students show that homeschooled children are well above the national average in every subject and at every grade level in the Iowa Test of Basic Skills and in Tests of Achievement and Proficiency."
"In 1992, Prof. Larry Shyers assessed whether or not home schooled children suffer from retarded social development. His research observed children in free play and group interaction activities. Shyers found that public school children had significantly more problem behaviors than did the home schooled. Possibly this is because the primary models of behavior for the home schooled are their parents, rather than their peers."
"Throughout history, societies have schooled children at home. In fact, home schooling (conducted either by parents or private tutors) was prevalent throughout North America until the 1870s, when compulsory school attendance and the training of professional educators coalesced to institutionalize education in the physical environment that today we recognize as school. Notable home schooled Americans include, for example, Presidents George Washington, John Quincy Adams, Abraham Lincoln, Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, and Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Other successful products of American home schooling include jurists Patrick Henry, John Jay, and John Marshall, inventor Thomas Edison, General Robert E. Lee, civil rights activist Booker T. Washington, writer Mark Twain, and industrialist Andrew Carnegie."
"While scientific research is limited, the available evidence suggests that homeschooling provides a positive learning environment for the estimated 1.1 million American children who are being educated at home. Homeschooling families are making a valuable contribution to American education without relying on taxpayer assistance, saving taxpayers as much as $4.4 billion to $9.9 billion annually by forgoing taxpayer-funded public education. Many families make significant financial sacrifices to homeschool their children after paying federal, state, and local taxes that support public education."
"In this dependency case, we consider the legality of, and restraints upon, home schooling in California. ... We will conclude that: (1) California statutes permit home schooling as a species of private school education; and (2) the statutory permission to home school may constitutionally be overridden in order to protect the safety of a child who has been declared dependent."
California Court of Appeal, Second Appellate District, Division Three
"It is important to recognize that it is not for us to consider, as a matter of policy, whether home schooling should be permitted in California. That job is for the Legislature. It is not the duty of the courts to make the law; we endeavor to interpret it."
California Court of Appeal, Second Appellate District, Division Three
"[H]ome schooling was initially expressly permitted in California, when the compulsory education law was enacted in 1903. In 1929, however, home schooling was amended out of the law, and children who were not educated in public or private schools could be taught privately only by a credentialed tutor. Case law in 1953 and 1961 confirmed this interpretation, and specifically concluded that a home school could not be considered a private school. While the Legislature could have amended the statutes in response to these cases, to expressly provide that a home school could be a private school, it did not do so.
Thus, as of that time, given the history of the statutes and the Legislature's implied concurrence in the case law interpreting them, the conclusion that home schooling was not permitted in California would seem to follow. However, subsequent developments in the law call this conclusion into question. Although the Legislature did not amend the statutory scheme so as to expressly permit home schooling, more recent enactments demonstrate an apparent acceptance by the Legislature of the proposition that home schooling is taking place in California, with home schools allowed as private schools. Recent statutes indicate that the Legislature is aware that some parents in California home school their children by declaring their homes to be private schools. Moreover, several statutory enactments indicate a legislative approval of home schooling, by exempting home schools from requirements otherwise applicable to private schools."
California Court of Appeal, Second Appellate District, Division Three
"The educational harm is the most immediate, direct risk of unregulated homeschooling. It is also the only one in this litany of possible risks adamantly denied by homeschooling advocates. There is indeed no credible evidence that homeschoolers as a group do worse on standardized tests, but contrary to their claims, there is also no credible evidence that they do better. There is no credible evidence of accomplishment here at all. Because of the non-existence of testing requirements in much of the country—itself an important political victory of the homeschooling movement — the studies suggesting as much suffer from severe selection bias: the elite of the homeschool world—those parents who voluntarily submit their children for testing—is tested against the total public school population. It doesn’t of course follow from the selection bias that as a group homeschooled children do worse. Nevertheless, it is clear from both anecdotal accounts, memoirs, and trial transcripts that some homeschoolers are suffering educational harm which would be avoided or minimized, were they either in public school or were their homeschool subjected to decent regulation."
Philosophy & Public Policy Quarterly, Volume 29, Number 3/4
The Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy at University of Maryland
"What is sacrificed most immediately by the radical deregulation of homeschooling is some children’s knowledge base, literacy, and numeracy. Some children are less educated than they would be, were homeschools either regulated or banned. Also sacrificed is their exposure to diverse ideas, cultures, and ways of being. Again, this is not incidental; it is the fully intended result of the deregulation movement. The children of the most devout fundamentalists are being intentionally shielded from those parts of a public school curriculum that have this broadening potential."
Philosophy & Public Policy Quarterly, Volume 29, Number 3/4
The Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy at University of Maryland
"Lastly, Senator, I wanted to point out something that might be of interest to you as you grapple with the huge budget shortfall at the state capitol this year. I was doing a back-of-the-envelope calculation the other day and determined that my wife and I have saved our fellow taxpayers more than $200,000 (so far) by educating our own children at home rather than asking taxpayers to foot the bill. (That's actually a conservative estimate -- there's no question the real cost is substantially higher.) And since our kids are still young, this figure will continue to mount, meaning you and your colleagues will have more money available to appropriate for roads and bridges, prisons, Medicaid, and so on."
"'What about socialization?' Homeschool parents call it the 'S question.' Socialization questions are asked of nearly every homeschool parent, homeschool teenager, and adult who was home educated. One part of the 'S question' asks whether homeschool children interact with other people outside their nuclear family members. Research shows that the large majority of home-educated students consistently interact with children of various ages and parents outside their immediate family....
The second part of the socialization question asks whether home-educated children will experience healthy social, emotional, and psychological development. Numerous studies, employing various psychological constructs and measures, show the home-educated are developing at least as well, and often better than, those who attend institutional schools.... No research to date contravenes this general conclusion. In a few studies, on some of the sub-measures within a study, the home educated have scored slightly lower (i.e., 'worse,' according to the conceptual paradigm the researcher was using) than those in institutional schools."
“Parents who choose to home educate their children are a diverse group and come from a wide range of ideological, academic, and pedagogical views .... To simplify things, Jane Van Galen looked at the most common reasons parents she interviewed chose to homeschool their children, and then categorized those reasons into two main categories she labeled ideology and pedagogy .... The idea of two distinctly motivated types of homeschoolers—the Ideologues (religiously motivated) and the Pedagogues (academic and methodology motivated)—is a recurring theme throughout the available literature.
The Pedagogues are the philosophical offspring of John Holt and the early Liberal Left pioneers of the modern homeschooling movement. Pedagogues are concerned mainly with educational methods, improved learning environments for their children, and greater parental autonomy .... Many Pedagogues are either professional educators, themselves, or have done research and reading on their own about child development and educational methods .... Luke ... states, 'these parents have deeply-held beliefs about learning, beliefs about which they feel strongly enough to practice at home with their children' .... The Pedagogues’ 'curriculum' usually consists of capitalizing on their children’s natural curiosity and creativity, pursuing child-led interests, and making use of resources within the community .... Pedagogues are also more likely to be politically liberal and to practice more experimental styles of learning ....
The Ideologues are largely—but not exclusively—politically conservative Christian families who, as Raymond and Dorothy Moore observed, are 'seeking to impart religious values to their children' .... Cai, Reeves and Robinson ... explain that these ideologically motivated parents desire to pass onto their children a set of beliefs, values, morals, and worldview which they believe to be absent in the secular public school system .... According to Van Galen ..., the Ideologues tend to structure their homeschooling around a standard curriculum of textbooks and workbooks ..., essentially recreating the traditional classroom setting in their homes. The Ideologues are also more likely to take standardized testing and the ensuing results more seriously than the Pedagogues ....”
"Allowing homeschooling to be practiced completely free from regulation or subject only to minimal or unenforced oversight presents a host of normative, constitutional, and legal problems. All the while, the interests in education of students and the state are left largely unprotected."
"While there are no official figures, it's estimated that up to 1,000 German families are homeschooling their children. …
In 2007, Germany's Federal Supreme Court issued a ruling ... that parents could lose custody of their children if they continued to homeschool them. …
In Sweden, where parents have to apply for permission to teach their children at home, the government is planning to impose even tougher restrictions on homeschoolers. And in Spain, parents are not allowed to educate their children at home. Period. If a child has special needs that prevent him from attending school, a teacher will be sent to his home.
By contrast, homeschooling is legal in all 50 U.S. states, some of which don't require families to notify authorities of their intent to teach their children at home."
"Most indications are that the homeschool population has grown in absolute terms during the past 3 to 5 years. This study shows there were an estimated 2.040 million K to 12 homeschool students in the United States in the spring of 2010, with high confidence that the true number lies between 1.734 million and 2.346 million."
"Despite its precipitate growth, however, comparatively little has been written about home schooling, and what there is tends to focus on more or less measurable outcomes for the kids. Do they make friends? Go to college? Feel like weirdos? Learn what they're supposed to learn? Score well on standardized tests? On this last point, as it happens, the evidence is fairly strong, and coverage of it has helped to win a grudging social acceptance for teaching outside of school. The news that home-schooled kids had been dominating national spelling and geography bees, and that several surveys showed them scoring higher than the national average on standardized tests, including the SAT, got plenty of press."
"Home-schooled kids, I think it's fair to say, are all right. They do well on tests, and they go on to fancy colleges when they want to; admissions officers and professors like them because they are self-motivated and have good study habits. . . .
I don't think we need worry much about their socialization in the narrow sense, either. With the exception of a few wackos in the Idaho panhandle, home-schooling parents are not bent on isolating their children, and most home-schooled kids make friends through the Scouts or church groups or volunteering. . . .
More difficult, I think, is the question of whether home schooling poses any sort of a problem for society -a threat to social cohesion, for example, or a brain drain from the public schools. Smith and Sikkink's study suggests that there is little reason to worry that home schooling diverts people from civic life. What may be more worrisome is the prospect that home schooling will attract new recruits motivated mainly by disenchantment with the quality of their public schools."
"A common criticism levied by homeschool opponents is that government schools are more adept at developing social skills. While this masquerades as a legitimate assertion, it fails to survive even the most rudimentary scrutiny. Not only have studies shown that homeschooled students grow to be aptly socialized adults but the roots of public schools are deeply entrenched in a mixture of assimilation and obedience — fertile grounds for repressing human ingenuity and producing dependent citizens. ...
Oddly, the vehicle that is commonly thought to be most effective at socializing American children was essentially designed to numb minds and sterilize spirits. This might explain why an astounding 2.7 million youths are medicated for ADHD — without drugs, these 'unruly' children would be unable to sit through manila lessons and behave subserviently."
"The costs of waste, bureaucracy, and incompetence in public education are difficult to quantify, especially to those who are blinded by emotional rhetoric (e.g., 'Budget cuts will harm our children!'). The guardians of 'our' children should be informed, however, that parentrepreneurs spend an average of — get this — less than $600 per child annually. ... A pittance compared to the expenditures of government schools. Of course, homeschools don't have incremental expenses for things such as buildings, gymnasiums, and unnecessary administrators — which is precisely the point. A good education does not require an abundance of resources. ...
Now it must be conceded that this comparison is incomplete as it fails to account for the opportunity cost that parentrepreneurs endure. While many parents send their children to 'free' school and work full-time, homeschooling parents often forgo careers to invest scarce time and energy in their children's futures. It should be of little debate that this sacrifice of ego and material well-being epitomizes the definition of parenting. To the parentrepreneur, however, this is hardly a fleeting concern: there isn't time to wait for 'reform' — no grandiose plan or heralded piece of legislation will fix government schools today."
"Socialization is education school code for, 'Give your kid to us. Let us raise her.' I’m not much interested in having the talent, creativity, and faith socialized out of my daughter, so I am happy to play a small part in frustrating the system’s designs on her."
"Think back to your schools days. I'm sure you remember people in your class who thrived, and others who'd have learned more and been happier in a different environment. Perhaps an all girls school. Or a military academy. Or a homeschool. You'd think people attuned to the diversity of kids in America would grasp that the public school system is never going to be set up in a way that is best suited to all of them, no matter how successfully it is reformed, or how many resources are poured into constantly improving it. Hurray if public schools exists alongside other options where some students flourish, for those other options accommodate difference far better than a single universalist model."
"The progressive critics of homeschooling are less interested in promoting tolerance than they are in promoting compliance. It’s the freedom that bothers them, not what kids learn or how well they learn it. It’s about who decides. In other words—here as in Spain—it’s about politics. And it won’t be long before some enterprising American politician proposes a set of rules that would effectively deprive my family of its right to homeschool. This will come not as an outright ban on the practice but as an array of guidelines and edicts couched in the most unobjectionable terms—ensuring diversity, promoting responsible citizenship, safeguarding public health.
If the state appoints itself to guard against indoctrination by parents, who is to protect children from indoctrination by the state? Critics of homeschooling rarely grapple with this question for the likely reason that they are committed to a value system that is as uniform and intolerant in its own way as they imagine the value systems of American homeschoolers to be.
Forget broccoli. A government that can force you to buy health insurance can surely force children into the public school system. When that happens, will we still be a free country?"
"Kayla and Emmy are part of the modern generation of home-schooled students, piecing together their education from their mother, a former Fayette County math teacher, other district and university teachers, parent co-ops, and online providers.
Education policymakers and researchers have largely ignored the tremendous growth in home schooling, particularly among these sorts of 'hybrid'...
"I’m going public today with a secret I’ve kept for a year—my husband and I are homeschooling our children. I never dreamed we would become homeschoolers. I wanted my kids integrated and socialized. I wanted their eyes opened to the realities of the world. I wanted the values we taught at home put to the test in the real world. But necessity drove me to consider homeschooling for my 2nd and...
This short research piece presents information on homeschool statistics for 2010. It is often difficult for researchers to determine how many homeschoolers there are due to the unregulated nature of home education. However, according to the best estimates of Brian...
Sousa's article touts the benefits of homeschooling in order to argue his point - homeschooling is the best education reform currently on the radar screen. The author believes the success of the homeschool movement lies in the family involvement and strong relationships that many homeschool...
Recognizing that homeschooling is generally carried out by stay-at-home mothers, Wendy McElroy attempts to measure feminist support for home education. McElroy notes that mothers who homeschool are simply following the main mantra of the...
As this article from Belgium testifies to, the freedoms many American homeschoolers enjoy are not always shared by those in other countries. Alexandra Colen reports on the pressures her family has received to teach U.N. principles in their own home, stating that her family is not alone in receiving the...
"Eastern Christian was established six months ago, and with less than three weeks until the start of the academic school year, 54 students are enrolled in grades six through 12. Forty-six are boys, and 46 are on the football team. The staff includes four teachers, a nurse, a minister and seven football coaches. The running backs and defensive backs coach is the director of operations, the de...
"One of the main objections people have to getting government out of the education business and turning it over to the free market is that 'it simply would not get the job done.' This type of thinking is due, in large measure, to what one historian called 'a parochialism in time,' i.e., a limited view of an issue for lack of historical perspective. Having served the twelve-year sentence in...
"Last year was the first really good year we’ve had with homeschooling. That’s because we’re part of a Christian homeschooling co-op that uses the classical education model. In the program, parents and kids meet together once a week on the campus of a large area church for class work (in our co-op, there’s an option to meet a second day for additional enrichment). The kids also get to...
Reporting on the opening of Patrick Henry College, the first college to be geared specifically to homeschooled students, Rebecca Winters notes that homeschoolers are fast becoming coveted college students. According to Winters, the change is happening quickly as more and more...
Although homeschooling is now widely accepted in the United States, it is still illegal in many other western countries. This article describes the rather unprecedented case of asylum granted to a German homeschool family. According to Moore, the...
"Until recently, home schooling in the US was mostly practised by white families, but a growing number in the black community are now also turning their back on the public school system and educating their children at home. Why?"
Adam Schaeffer notes that homeschooling could see a surge in adherents as tough economic times force families to live more frugally. This short blog post discusses the cost effectiveness of home education compared to private or even public schools.
"As the government intensifies its persecution of homeschoolers in Sweden, the president of the Swedish Association for Home Education (ROHUS) has finally been forced into exile with his family in neighboring Finland. The battle for human rights and homeschooling in the Scandinavian kingdom, however, is far from over."
"There are many ways to address the subject of homeschool regulation, and I’ve often thought about how to approach it myself. I could cite sources about how successful homeschoolers have been and continue to be, the colleges that actively recruit homeschoolers for their enthusiasm and self-motivation, and gladly offer them scholarships. To those who fear that homeschooling can be used as a...
"Between deciphering college financial aid awards and settling into a shoe-box sized dorm room with a perfect stranger or two, making the move from high school to college can be a shock to the system for even the most put-together teenager.
The transition, many may assume, would be even more jarring for students coming from a home-schooled environment. ...
In reporting about the first homeschooled student to win a prestigious award in athletics, David Boaz notes that growing acceptance of homeschooled students in different arenas has made achievements like the aforementioned possible. Boaz goes on to write that despite the fact...
This article gives an overview of the many issues involved with homeschooling. Some of the topics Lips and Feinberg touch on include the percentage of homeschooled students in America, funding issues, curriculum options, academic statistics, and family issues. Based on these findings, the...
"The most admirable group of entrepreneurs is perhaps the least appreciated. Homeschool parents, or parentrepreneurs, are not waiting for politicians and technocrats to fix broken systems of education. Rather, they are eschewing the status quo and finding innovative ways to advance the intellectual, emotional, and spiritual growth of their children. Unlike their counterparts in the...
In this piece, a homeschooling, feminist-minded mother ponders whether or not home education stifles the feminist mentality of the next generation. The author then uses her article to discuss the allocation of gender roles in traditional and non-traditional homeschooling families.
While insisting that homeschooling can be good in a few remote instances, Russell Shaw opines that those instances should be few and far between. Shaw finds it troubling to realize that many homeschooling parents are instilling beliefs like creationism in their...
"But government is the only institution with the power and scale to intervene in the massive undertaking of better educating American children, 90 percent of whom currently attend public schools. (And it’s worth remembering that schools provide not just education, but basic child care while parents are at work.) Lefty homeschoolers might be preaching sound social values to their children, but...
"Across the United States, Muslims who find that a public school education clashes with their religious or cultural traditions have turned to home schooling. That choice is intended partly as a way to build a solid Muslim identity away from the prejudices that their children, boys and girls alike, can face in schoolyards. But in some cases, as in Ms. Bibi’s, the intent is also to isolate their...
This blog post from a liberal homeschooling parent contains a copy of an article by homeschool critic Michael Apple. Apple explains some of his qualms about homeschooling, but then backs off of his critiques when it comes to African American...
This article reports on the arrest of a couple who had failed to register their kids as home-schooled and submit a curriculum for approval, as required by New York state law. They were charged with child endangerment.
This article covers the 2008 ruling by a California court making homeschooling illegal in that state. Mehta and Landsberg describe the shock and outrage that many had over the seeming abolition of parental rights, as well as the affirmation that the ruling received from others like those in teachers' unions...
"A Montreal mother said her son's former school principal threatened to call youth protection services after she pulled her son out of his high school and began home-schooling him.
Emilie Riel enrolled her son Brett Klein, 15, in a US-based online high school program in Februrary, because she said he was falling steadily further behind his classmates at John F. Kennedy High School in...
"When the words political refugee are mentioned, Sweden is probably not the first country that comes to mind. But a small number of Swedish families have taken the drastic step to leave their country rather than face heavy fines and other punitive government action for their choice to homeschool their children."
"'It’s a free country' may not continue to resonate with Americans for much longer either. As Obamacare’s individual mandate was predicated on the notion that costs incurred by an individual but borne by society necessitate government intervention, politicians in this country could easily be convinced—by, say, teachers unions—that homeschoolers are no different than the uninsured in the costs...
Framing homeschooling as a Christian fundamentalist movement that could be harmful to the children within it (and to society in general), Robin West argues for more government regulation of home education. According to West, the high academic achievement that homeschoolers are believed to possess is not necessarily true of all homeschooled children. West then...
"In a controversial Slate article published last week, the talented education journalist Dana Goldstein laments what she says is the go-it-alone ideology of home-schooling parents, arguing that they harm children in the public school system and do society as a whole a disservice."
"I love my kids, don't get me wrong. I think that they are equal parts brilliant, creative and adventurous (much like any parent thinks of his offspring). But do I want to be responsible for teaching them all that they know? Heck, NO! There are many reasons why, but as homeschooling has grown into a dynamic and engaging alternative to high-priced private schools and failing public schools, it'...
"Socialization is education school code for, 'Give your kid to us. Let us raise her.' I’m not much interested in having the talent, creativity, and faith socialized out of my daughter, so I am happy to play a small part in frustrating the system’s designs on her. Yet I am always mindful that we homeschool only at the pleasure of the state."
"In the beginning, your kids need you—a lot. They’re attached to your hip, all the time. It might be a month. It might be five years. Then suddenly you are expected to send them off to school for seven hours a day, where they’ll have to cope with life in ways they never had to before. You no longer control what they learn, or how, or with whom.
"For parents who sometimes wonder whether they are doing the right thing by homeschooling their children, it will be an encouragement to know that 95% of the homeschool graduates surveyed are glad that they were homeschooled (Table 3)."
The first chart compares the composite ACT scores of Public, Catholic, Private, and Homeschool students at a specific college. The second chart demonstrates that reading is the ACT subject in which homeschooled students especially excel.
"States vary widely in monitoring home schooling. Some states require parents of home-schooled children to notify public school officials and then provide test scores or other professional evaluations of their children’s academic progress; others require no parent notification at all."
"The strongest finding, as illustrated in Figure 8, is that independent non-religious school graduates are strongly and significantly more likely to be in a professional or managerial position compared to government school graduates after controlling for family background variables."
When questioned about their motives for homeschooling their children, a large majority of parents responded that the state of school environments and the desire to provide religious training were the two main issues that caused them to pursue the option of homeschooling.
This study examines survey data from a representative sample of graduates of Canadian secondary schools aged 24-39. Collected in March 2012, the resulting data were intended to enable better understanding of the outcomes of the various government and non-government schooling sectors.
This Note argues that homeschooling must be better regulated. State legislatures should take notice of the potential harm to children educated without standards or oversight and should reexamine the appropriate level of regulation. Most should consider re-regulating the practice.
This study examined the day to day operations of home schools. The case study method was used with four families from a larger pool of families that held membership in a home school organization. Data was gathered using interviews, observations, and artifacts.
In an attempt to provide more than anecdotal evidence about homeschool students, Michael Cogan studied a variety of demographic characteristics of homeschool students at a midwestern college. Cogan found that homeschool students generally have better ACT scores and better GPAs than their non-homeschool counterparts.
First-generation Canadian graduates of home-based education, who were involved in the 1994 study of their homeschooling experiences, were invited to respond to a survey addressing their economic, educational, occupational, social, civic, life satisfaction, and lifestyle characteristics. Their views on their experience with home education were also collected.
The purpose of this study was to determine differences, in first-year college academic performance, between home school and traditional high school graduates, measured by grade point average, retention, ACT test scores, and credits.
This document provides explanations and charts for almost every issue raised in connection with homeschooling. Some of the topics discussed include television viewing, minority achievement, monetary aspects, and curriculum selection.
The paper analyzes the emergence of home education in European post-communist countries after 1989. The case of the Czech Republic representing the development and characteristic features of home education in the whole region is studied in detail.
This paper will examine three very different groupings of home educators and their varying constructions of childhood and the social world, demonstrating the spectrum between home education as an expression of human rights and of fundamentalism.
Home schooling parents, if they have been at it very long at all, have been asked these questions countless times by the curious and the disapproving. But of the customary questions homeschoolers face, 'What about socialization?' is perhaps the most familiar and the most puzzling."
Focusing on research in both the United States and Canada, this paper from the Fraser Institute focuses on the history, growth, and gradual acceptance of the homeschool movement. It especially focuses on the fact that homeschooling is not simply an area dominated by the "Religious Right," as many people seem to automatically assume.
This report pulls together the latest information on home education statistics in the United States. Included in the report are many fascinating charts and graphs which compare homeschoolers to their public school counterparts.
In 1996 the National Center for Home Education, a division of HSLDA, conducted a nationwide college survey: a sampling of the homeschool admission policies in all 50 states. National Center’s liberal definition of 'policy' includes colleges that take into account homeschoolers’ unique capabilities and circumstances.
This study examined the influence of pre-entry attributes on the college experience, academic and social integration patterns, and environmental pull factors of college students who were homeschooled in high school. Homeschooled students were equipped to succeed academically and socially.
Homeschooling is continuing to grow, and homeschoolers are enrolling in community colleges in increasing numbers. Predictions suggest that the United States will have almost 3 million homeschooled students by 2010....While many of these homeschoolers will choose to attend four-year institutions, many will also choose community colleges.
This document contains a variety of articles related to homeschoolers and their ability to enter and succeed in college. The various authors examine admission policies for homeschoolers, the social and academic success of homeschool graduates who enter college, and the issue of federal financial aid for homeschooled students.
This article considers the relationship between homeschooling and religious fundamentalism by focusing on their intersection in the philosophies and practices of conservative Christian homeschoolers in the United States.
As homeschooling grows more acceptable in the culture at large, those who originally entered the movement due to religious reasons are seeing a gradual change. The change is due to attempts by public schools and others to slowly assimilate and bring homeschoolers back into the fold of public education through homeschool-friendly policies.
This report compares home educated adults to the general U.S. population in areas such as overall happiness in life, civic and community involvement, and higher education. The report also finds that adults who were home schooled generally have a very positive perception of the process and would continue the practice with their own children.
This report contains the most recent, large-scale overview of homeschooling statistics. It demonstrates the increases in homeschooling since 1999, and also compares homeschool students to those in public and private schools. The authors of this study also researched home school race, income, motivations, and curriculum usage.
This Memo concludes that the majority of states, including Oregon, favor parental rights over state interests, and only states with the highest level of regulation require any state involvement in a homeschooled child’s education.
What can be done to assure adequate training in mathematics and sciences specifically for home-schooled girls? In particular, who has the responsibility and the ability to secure legal protection for them? It can be argued that the state constitutional assumption of education as a state function implies that there is in fact recourse when parents take on the functions of the state.
The author seems to believe that the best approach to homeschooling is a combination of the Charlotte Mason method and unschooling, as these two methods encourage “life-long learning” and an individualized education.
"Rudner explains that while the results of the study make homeschoolers look like much better students than their private and public school counterparts, the uncontrolled nature of it can only allow us to conclude "that those parents choosing to make a commitment to home schooling are able to provide a very successful academic environment."
Discussing the high levels of achievement that homeschoolers maintain, this piece relates their success to a non-stifled environment amongst teachers who care about them and encourage their creativity. This piece also discusses the great success homeschooled children experience when they reach college.
This study uses the Social Skills Rating Scale to compare the social skills of twenty-three children, seven of which have been home-schooled, and sixteen of which have been publicly educated. Results of the study indicate that home schooled children scored above average.
The growth of the homeschool movement over the last few decades has caused a steady stream of discussion on whether or not more regulation of this education option is needed. The difference between the three levels of regulation were quite minimal, but interestingly enough, the states with the highest regulations also had the lowest test scores.
A critic of homeschooling, Reich argues for the regulation of this education practice rather than the elimination of it. His reasoning for his position is based on the idea that a child should be raised to be an autonomous person, an objective which he believes a homeschool family may or may not accomplish.
The number of families choosing to home educate their children with disabilities, including Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), has increased in Australia in recent years. This qualitative study was designed to explore mothers’ perspectives of home educating a child with ASD.
This study finds that those students with a history of homeschooling did have significantly lower depression scores than those who had never been homeschooled. It also reveals that homeschooled students report that they have achieved greater academic success and that they rate their entire college educational experience more positively than students who were never homeschooled.
This article from The Atlantic Monthly describes the past history of the homeschool movement, including both the conservative Christian brand of Raymond and Dorothy Moore, and the liberal, brand ascribed to John Holt. Talbot takes a detached, outsider's perspective of homeschooling.
With home schooling on a sustained, dramatic-growth curve, the Kurowski case is not unique. Indeed, home-schooled families cope with divorce and single parenting like the rest of society. And when separated couples disagree about the decision to homeschool, thorny issues arise, fanned by deeply-held beliefs and strong emotions.
Because education in the United States is a matter delegated to the states each state has different provisions for regulating home schooling. This patchwork regulatory environment shows a clear trend across the country, however: regulations that thirty years ago either forbade or strictly regulated home schooling have been lifted or eased.
"Across the United States homeschooling has been overlooked and underrated by many. Diving deeper into student performance and the environments of homeschooling households, it is clear that homeschoolers have risen to the occasion and met the expectations of recruiting Universities and American workforce."
This set of podcasts discusses several key Founding Fathers and their connection to home education. Michael Farris then suggests that homeschooling played an overlooked - but very influential - role in the founding of our nation.
Although homeschoolers are often viewed in a positive light, not everyone accepts them or their ideas on education. In this brief clip, Joy Behar expresses her belief that homeschoolers are "demented."
This video offers an archived Focus on the Family episode with Dr. Raymond Moore. Aired in the early 1980s, this episode is believed to have sparked the modern conservative Christian popularization of homeschooling.
"This CBN news footage in Erlangen, Germany shows how oppressive a regime could become when government has the authority to remove children from home. In the Bavarian town of Erlangen, Germany, 15-year old Christian girl Melissa Busekros was taken from her parents in a SWAT-style police raid. German officials consider her family dangerous because her parents home school their daughter. She was...
Although most homeschool families focus on textbooks and high academic standards, some families prefer to greatly individualize their child's education through the process of "unschooling." The concept of "unschooling" is often associated with the progressive-minded John Holt, and this video seeks to examine the concept by looking at the lives of several "...
"William Estrada talked about the rising number of home-schooled children in the United States, that a recent survey puts at 1.5 million students. He talked about what impact current education policy has had on the numbers and what homeschoolers would be looking for under the Obama administration. Topics included funding, taxes, vouchers, and implications for...
This video discusses how the "frontier" idea of homeschooling has now become a reasonable education choice. According to NBC, homeschoolers are doing just fine academically and are often exceeding the expectations of the general public.
"Watch Personal Liberty's Wayne Allyn Root, a home-school father, discuss school choice, home-schooling, parental freedom and the disaster that is the U.S. public school system, in a video titled, 'Homeschool to Harvard.'"
"Have you ever wondered what Homeschooling is really about? This documentary will give you a walk through of the basics of homeschooling in less than 15 minutes! Listen to the journey of parents and students and see their experience of homeschooling."
For parents just beginning to homeschool, choosing a curriculum can be quite daunting. In order to help with this process, Misty Spinelli lays out several goals that homeschoolers should make before they attempt to dig into the myriads of curriculum options.
Dr. Lisa Shulman believes that homeschooling a child with autism "is a very daunting task." Shulman declares that homeschooling an autistic child is possible; however, she highly recommends that parents surround themselves with a strong support system.
In this video, homeschooling father and Home School Legal Defense Association attorney, Mike Donnelly, describes his views on home education. According to Donnelly, homeschooling is a lifestyle choice as well as an education choice. Donnelly also discusses some of the legal cases he has been involved in and their implications for home education.
This video features a public school teacher who decided to homeschool her own children in order to foster a love of learning in them. This teacher follows the John Holt idea of "unschooling," a method in which children determine what they have an interest in, and with the help of their parents, pull together their own education plan of action.
Produced by a homeschooling father, this video discusses a variety of misconceptions and benefits of home education. The video declares that homeschool students receive an individualized education which amply prepares them for college and life in the real world.
In early 2008, a California court ruled that children had to be taught by accredited teachers. This caused a great deal of consternation amongst the homeschool community, as seen in this clip from ABC news. As this video demonstrates, many homeschool children outperform their public school counterparts, and because of this, many viewed the California ruling as...
"HSLDA is far more than simple legal representation for homeschool families in court. HSLDA has been the leading advocate nationwide for homeschool freedoms and has laid the groundwork for all homeschooling families to train their children without the intervention of the government."
As the title suggests, this video describes three major ways of homeschooling. Although it mainly focuses on classical home education, Three Ways To Home School also discusses and explains "traditional" and "eclectic" homeschool methods.
This clip gives a funny, quick, and rather stereotypical portrayal of many homeschool families. A parody on "The Addams Family" theme song, this video describes both the peculiarities and abilities of homeschoolers.
This video features the struggles, concerns, and personal testimonies from parents and children who have been engaged in the homeschool process. Produced by the Home School Legal Defense Association, this video provides firsthand experience from both veteran and fledgling homeschool families.
In this video, Ayn Rand Institute analyst, Thomas Bowden, offers insights on the "Rachel L." homeschool case. For some time, this case threatened to outlaw homeschooling in California, a fact which causes Bowden to wonder whether or not the parent or the...
In an open letter to an Oklahoma state senator, homeschooling parent Brandon Dutcher responds to the senator's proposal that homeschoolers should report their child's progress to the state. Dutcher points out the absurdity of this proposition by imagining what would happen if the tables were turned.
This brief report cites a variety of statistics related to homeschooling and compares them to the same type of research from 1999 and 2003. The resulting information demonstrates that homeschooling is growing at a fairly regular pace. The report also gives data covering reasons why parents choose...
This collection of transcripts from "Homeschool Heartbeat" discusses the regulation ideas put forth by Robert Reich and the implications they have for homeschool families. This particular program believes Reich's assertions are a clever way to maneuver parental rights under the Constitution, and...
"Your Care in sending me the News papers is very agreable to me. I receiv’d by Capt. Barney those relating to the Cincinnati. My Opinion of the Institution cannot be of much Importance. I only wonder that when the united Wisdom of our Nation had, in the Articles of Confederation, manifested their Dislike of establishing Ranks of Nobility, by Authority either of the Congress or of any...
"We signatories of this declaration presented on November 3, 2012 at the first Global Home Education Conference in Berlin, Germany hereby,
Remind all nations that numerous international treaties and declarations recognize the essential, irreplaceable and fundamental role of parents and the family in the education and upbringing of children as a natural right that must be...
"Peter Jennings. Mr. President, one of my first impressions here is that this is an awful lot bigger than what you were used to living in Arkansas.
The President. It's bigger than almost anybody in America lives in, but it's a beautiful house. You know it was started in 1792. President Washington authorized it to be built, and then before it was finished, actually, President Adams and...
"Well, let me begin by thanking Channel One and the Channel One schools and all those who are taking part in this Presidential Webside Chat.
This has a rich history, really. Fifty years ago and more, President Roosevelt used the radio to bring democracy into the homes of the American people, with his Fireside Chats. Thirty years later, President Kennedy regularly used televised press...
"Peter Duro (Duro) initiated this action against the District Attorney of the Second Judicial District of North Carolina (D.A.) alleging that his religious beliefs were infringed by the North Carolina compulsory school attendance law, N.C.G.S. § 115C-378. The district court entered summary judgment for Duro, from which the D.A. appeals. We find that North Carolina has demonstrated an interest...
In a speech to the Texas Home School Coalition, Governor Rick Perry affirms his support for public, private, and homeschool education. Governor Perry specifically recognizes the effort and commitment given by homeschool parents and pledges to protect them in educational parental choice matters.
This transcript of a PBS report on homeschooling covers both the positive and negative viewpoints of this particular education option. While homeschool families give the practice resounding endorsements, others question the fact that their form of education is unregulated and full of...
In this speech, originally given to a 1997 Pennsylvania State University conference, Patrick Farenga presents the philosophies of "unschooling." This term was used frequently by John Holt, the original standard bearer of the liberal version of homeschooling. Farenga, Holt's successor,...
Following a national uproar over a court decree that homeschooling was illegal in California, the appeals court reheard the case and submitted the opinion that "California statutes permit home schooling as a species of private school education." This ruling was considered a major victory for the parental right to choose the homeschool education option.
"I received your kind Letter, at New York, and it is not easy for you to imagine the Pleasure it has given me. I have not found a single Opportunity to write since I left Boston, excepting by the Post and I dont choose to write by that Conveyance, for fear of foul Play. But as We are now within forty two Miles of Philadelphia, I hope there to find some private Hand by which I can convey this...
The 'Manifesto of the Communist Party' was written by Marx and Engels as the Communist League’s programme on the instruction of its Second Congress ..., which signified a victory for the followers of a new proletarian line during the discussion of the programme questions.
John Stuart Mill was a British political philosopher and politician. In this classic essay, he argues that "the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilised community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others.... Over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign."
"The plaintiffs, Peter and Susan Perchemlides, residents of Amherst, seek to educate their eight-year-old son Richard at home pursuant to G.L.c. 76, § 1. That statute exempts from public school attendance requirements a child who is ‘being otherwise instructed in a manner approved in advance by the superintendent or the school committee.’ Both the superintendent and the committee have denied...
In the eyes of John Locke, the education of a child includes more than books and schooling. Indeed, Locke’s thoughts on education cover the whole physical, mental, spiritual, and emotional being of the...
"Under the United States Constitution, parents have a fundamental right to direct the education of their children. In 1925 the Supreme Court recognized that 'liberty,' protected by the Fourteenth Amendment, includes the right to choose a private education. Confronted with an Oregon statute mandating public school attendance, the Supreme Court ruled the statute unconstitutional. Pierce v....
"This indicator examines the number and characteristics of homeschooled students in the United States. Homeschooled students are school-age children (ages 5–17) in a grade equivalent to at least kindergarten and not higher than 12th grade who receive instruction at home instead of at a public or private school either all or most of the time."
This overview of the homeschool legislation in Minnesota describes the regulations parents must comply with in order to teach their children at home. Some of these regulations include testing and reporting to the state at specified intervals.
"All knowledge falls into one of two divisions: the knowledge of 'truths' and the knowledge of 'words:' and if the former is first in importance, the latter is acquired first in order of time. They are not to be commended who, in their anxiety to increase their store of truths, neglect the necessary art of expressing them. For ideas are only intelligible to us by means of the words which...
"A great obstacle to good education is the inordinate passion prevalent for novels, and the time lost in that reading which should be instructively employed. When this poison infects the mind, it destroys its tone and revolts it against wholesome reading. Reason and fact, plain and unadorned, are rejected. Nothing can engage attention unless dressed in all the figments of fancy, and nothing so...
"Respondents, members of the Old Order Amish religion and the Conservative Amish Mennonite Church, were convicted of violating Wisconsin's compulsory school attendance law (which requires a child's school attendance until age 16) by declining to send their children to public or private school after they had graduated from the eighth grade. The evidence showed that the Amish provide continuing...
"The key to successful home education, homeschool veterans will tell you, is determining your educational philosophy and marrying it to your child’s learning style. Then you can make an informed decision in choosing the...
"Raymond and Dorothy Moore have prepared this influential book to show how, by using the everyday resources and experiences of your own home environment, you can truly enjoy your child and give him or her a wholesome, first-class education that neither stifles creativity nor hampers character development."
One of the pioneer works which inspired the modern homeschool movement.
"This is a lively account of one of the most important and overlooked themes in American education. Beginning in the colonial period and working to the present, Gaither describes in rich detail how the home has been used as the base for education of all kinds. The last five chapters focus especially on the modern homeschooling movement and offer the most comprehensive and authoritative account...
A compilation of a variety of different views on homeschooling issues, Bruce Cooper's book provides a well balanced look at a growing education movement. This book is especially helpful in presenting arguments that are often ignored, including the homeschool regulation argument and the argument that homeschoolers fail to instruct their children about beliefs different from their own.
"Sociologist Mitchell Stevens goes behind the scenes of the homeschool movement and into the homes and meetings of home schoolers. What he finds are two very different kinds of home education--one rooted in the liberal alternative school movement of the 1960s and 1970s and one stemming from the Christian day school movement of the same era. Stevens explains how this dual history shapes the...
This book explains the liberal philosophy of homeschooling that followers of John Holt advance. Google Books declares that "Rather than proposing that parents turn their homes into miniature schools, Holt and Farenga demonstrate how ordinary parents can help children grow as social, active learners."
"Screwtape is an experienced devil. His nephew Wormwood is just beginning his demonic career and has been assigned to secure the damnation of a young man who has just become a Christian. In this humorous exchange, C. S. Lewis delves into moral questions about good v. evil, temptation, repentance, and grace. Through this wonderful tale, the reader emerges with a better knowledge of what it...
"This educational bestseller has dominated its field for the last decade, sparking a homeschooling movement that has only continued to grow. It will instruct you, step by step, on how to give your child an academically...
"Think homeschooling is only for a handful of eccentrics on either end of the political spectrum? Think again. Today in America, two million primary- and secondary-school students are homeschooled. Growing at a rate of 10 percent annually, homeschooling represents the most dramatic change in American education since the invention of the mimeograph—and the story has only just begun.
"In 1995, Hillsdale College introduced the Hillsdale Academy Reference Guide as an educational resource for those interested in drawing upon the Academy's time-tested K-12 program. Within two years, Reference Guides had been sold in all fifty states and more than 10 foreign countries...
The Home School Legal Defense Association explains that they are "a nonprofit advocacy organization established to defend and advance the constitutional right of parents to direct the education of their children and to protect family freedoms." This website includes a variety of homeschool resources...
"The purpose of this website is to provide an overview of homeschooling as well as a comprehensive look at the growing body of research and scholarship in this area." The topical list of research is especially helpful for those wishing to find information on a specific area of homeschooling.
"The National Home Education Network exists to encourage and facilitate the vital grassroots work of state and local homeschooling organizations and individuals by providing information, fostering networking and promoting public relations on a national level. Because we...