Quotes on Environmental Impacts of Climate Change

"Looking abroad, the United States will continue to seek to conclude an international convention on global climate change in time for its signing at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Brazil. In our view, such a convention must be comprehensive in scope, addressing all sources and sinks of greenhouse gases, adaptation as well as mitigation measures, and continued scientific and economic research and policy responses. The United States is committed to a series of domestic actions that have many benefits such as curbing air pollution, conserving energy, and restoring forest lands and that also help to curb greenhouse gas levels. These actions -- recently established in law or proposed by my Administration -- will hold U.S. net emissions of greenhouse gases at or below the 1987 level through the foreseeable future. An effective response to potential climate change also requires that all nations participate and meet obligations that are appropriate to their circumstances."

President George H. W. Bush
The American Presidency Project
April 18, 1991
Library Topic

"I hope it will become clear that the designation, 'skeptic,' simply confuses an issue where popular perceptions are based in significant measure on misuse of language as well as misunderstanding of science. Indeed, the identification of some scientists as 'skeptics' permits others to appear 'mainstream' while denying views held by the so-called 'skeptics' even when these views represent the predominant views of the field."

Library Topic

"Overall, the area of the Antarctic with trends indicating a lengthening of the sea ice season by at least one day per year was 5.6 million square kilometers (2.16 million square miles), about 60 percent the size of the United States. At the same time, the area with sea ice seasons shortening by at least one day per year was 3 million square kilometers (1.16 million square miles)."

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
August 22, 2002
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"Recent studies, which examined temperature rises of up to 5°C (9°F) and precipitation increases of 0–15%, indicate that climate change in the range projected by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for the 21st century would be beneficial for agriculture and forestry in the U.S. and other developed countries. Crops grow better at higher atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2). The warmer, wetter world projected on average by climate models would mean longer growing seasons, less threat of frost damage, and in some areas, less threat of drought."

Lenny Bernstein
The Marshall Institute — Science for Better Public Policy
August 2002
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"The physical basis for forecasting benefits to intensively-managed ecosystems, (i.e., higher CO2 concentration promoting faster plant growth, warmer temperature leading to longer growing seasons and less potential for frost damage, and more precipitation leading to less risk of drought) is strong enough to provide confidence in the benefits of 2–3°C of warming, but uncertainty grows as the level of warming increases. For the US, which has been subjected to more analysis than any other part of the world, the benefits extend out to double the temperature level considered by the IPCC (5°C vs. 2.5°C). More scientific study and modeling will be needed to determine the extent to which this result can be generalized to other countries and regions. However, there is clearly room for more optimism than exhibited by the IPCC."

Lenny Bernstein
The Marshall Institute — Science for Better Public Policy
August 2002
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"Not all of the impacts on ecosystems of projected climate change will be negative. As in the case of agriculture, a warmer, wetter, higher CO2 world will be beneficial for uncultivated plants. Global ecosystem models project higher net biomass production, ... and observations of a variety of tree species indicate that they are already responding to higher atmospheric concentrations of CO2 and higher temperatures ... with increased growth rates. Warmer, wetter conditions, and increased biomass production, also could be expected to benefit some animal species."

Lenny Bernstein
The Marshall Institute — Science for Better Public Policy
August 2002
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"Perhaps most egregious, this work makes what the famed agronomist Paul Waggoner has called the 'dumb people' assumption: that people won't adapt to changing conditions. In fact, we have been preserving diversity artificially, in parks and zoos, for centuries. In addition, the amount of 'artificial' genetic diversity is rising dramatically with the technology of modern genetics. It is difficult to imagine, decades from now, that these technologies would not be applied to ameliorate a prospective massive extinction."

Patrick J. Michaels
The Cato Institute Daily Commentary
January 13, 2004
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"Novel prospects for the Maldives do not include a condemnation to future flooding. The people of the Maldives have, in the past, survived a higher sea level of about 50-60 cm. The present trend lack signs of a sea level rise. On the contrary, there is firm morphological evidence of a significant sea level fall in the last 30 years. This sea level fall is likely to be the effect of increased evaporation and an intensification of the NE-monsoon over the central Indian Ocean."

Nils-Axel Mörner
Michael Tooley
Goran Possnert
Global and Planetary Change, 40
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"What evidence is there that GHG emissions cause or contribute to coral bleaching? According to the comprehensive Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2004, ... 'The coral bleaching in 1998 was a 1 in a 1,000-year event in many regions with no past history of such damage in official government records or in the memories of traditional cultures of the affected coral reef countries.' Approximately 16 percent of the world’s reefs were seriously damaged. ... According to the IPCC’s Third Assessment Report ..., the 1990s were 'very likely' the 'warmest decade' and 1998 the 'warmest year' of the past 1,000 years. ... In addition, the IPCC concludes that, 'most of the warming observed over the last 50 years is attributable to human activities'.... Thus, it would seem, the bleaching events of 1998 were likely due to mankind’s enhancement of the greenhouse effect.

In fact, however, the asserted linkage between anthropogenic warming and coral bleaching is problematic. To begin with, there is considerable evidence that the 1990s were not the warmest decade of the past millennium. A wealth of proxy data confirm the reality of a world-wide Medieval Warm Period (circa A.D. 800-1300), when average temperatures in North America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and South America were as warm as or warmer than they are today. ... When scientists compare apples to apples, using proxy data to track 20th century temperatures, the mid-1930s and early 1940s appear to be warmer than the 1990s. ... Yet there is no evidence of mass bleaching/mortality events in the 1930s and 1940s."

Marlo Lewis
Competitive Enterprise Institute
January 7, 2005
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"Although the [polar] bears seem to be hurting in some places, like the Hudson Bay region south of here, their numbers have increased worldwide. In Canada, home to most of the world's polar bears, the population has risen by more than 20 percent in the past decade."

John Tierney
The New York Times
August 6, 2005
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"The North American warming of 1998 contributed significantly to make 1998 as the globally warmest year of the 1990s. Since mid-1998, the [Sea Surface Temperatures] (SST) values are slowly declining suggesting that the earth's land area mean temperature may be governed more by worldwide SST distribution and less by enhanced greenhouse gas warming. Further, increased urbanization and land-use change over various regions of the earth are now considered to be significant contributors to the earth's surface warming in recent years."

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"...[O]ur perception of drought and flood frequencies is greatly affected by human activities that are not climate-related. Thus, we must carefully determine whether the cause of changing flood and drought frequencies is, in fact, due to climate change or simply a result of a changing landscape.

More importantly, the notion that increases in greenhouse gas concentrations will increase flood and drought frequencies runs counter to our understanding of the climate system. It has been argued that global warming could cause the Earth’s polar regions to warm more than the tropics due to a number of factors, including the exposure of darker land surfaces as snow and ice melt, and the fact that the same energy input will warm cold, dry air more than warm, moist air. But global atmospheric circulation is driven by the temperature difference between the poles and the equator. A significant decrease in that temperature difference is consistent with global warming, but it would reduce global atmospheric circulation rather than increase it. The diminished transport of energy and moisture would decrease the frequency of heavy rainfall and weaken atmospheric currents that steer storms. Indeed, during warmer periods in the past, the number and severity of storms has declined. The fact that no significant deviations from long-term trends have been observed in flood, tropical cyclone, tornado and hail frequencies (despite an increase in air temperatures over the last century) is consistent with a decrease in global atmospheric circulation. What is inconsistent is the claim that severe weather is increasing due to global warming when the atmospheric currents that contribute to these phenomena are decreasing."

David R. Legates Ph.D., C.C.M.
NCPA Policy Report, No. 285
National Center for Policy Analysis
May 2006
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"Warming theory proponents also argue that a warmer Arctic with less sea ice poses a significant risk to polar bear populations (and other indigenous species). ... Indeed, the Arctic Assessment concluded 'global warming could cause polar bears to go extinct by the end of the century by eroding the sea ice that sustains them.' This is misleading because, as discussed above, Arctic air temperatures in the 1930s were as high as present temperatures and Arctic air temperatures prior to the Little Ice Age were higher than present temperatures, yet polar bears survived."

David R. Legates Ph.D., C.C.M.
NCPA Policy Report, No. 285
National Center for Policy Analysis
May 2006
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"Our knowledge of sea level fluctuations is relatively recent, but there is evidence that sea levels have risen (although not steadily) since we emerged from the last ice age about 20,000 years ago. Global air temperatures do affect sea levels, which changed over the last millennium as temperatures rose and fell from the Medieval Warm Period to the Little Ice Age. The rate of change in coastal sea levels has varied in just the last 50 years and much more over the millennia. The evidence shows that this sea-level rise is not uniform."

David R. Legates Ph.D., C.C.M.
NCPA Policy Report, No. 285
National Center for Policy Analysis
May 2006
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"Which causes more greenhouse gas emissions, rearing cattle or driving cars?


According to a new report published by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, the livestock sector generates more greenhouse gas emissions as measured in CO2 equivalent – 18 percent – than transport. It is also a major source of land and water degradation."

FAO Newsroom
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
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"First of all, there is no longer any serious debate over the basic points that make up the consensus on global warming. The ten warmest years on record have all been since 1990. Globally, 2005 was the hottest of all. In the United States, 2006 was the warmest year ever. The winter months of December 2006 through February 2007 make up the warmest winter on record. These rising temperatures have been accompanied by many changes. Hurricanes are getting stronger. Sea levels are rising. Droughts are becoming longer and more intense. Mountain glaciers are receding around the world."

Al Gore
United States Senate Environment & Public Works Committee
March 21, 2007
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"Please keep in mind what the proposition is. It is not a debate over whether the earth has been warming over the past century. The earth is always warming or cooling, at least a few tenths of a degree.... Indeed, as far as I can tell, even our opponents do not claim that global warming is a crisis at present. Rather, we are primarily addressing the future. Now, much of the current alarm, I would suggest, is based on ignorance of what is normal for weather and climate."

Richard S. Lindzen
Intelligence Squared & National Public Radio
March 22, 2007
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"Two years ago as part of a bipartisan congressional delegation, I traveled to Barrow, Alaska. That's the northern most point of the United States. And I also traveled through on my way there the Yukon Territory in Canada. Traveling over those vast coniferous forests that blanket those harsh unforgiving latitudes, I looked down to see dead trees as far as the eye could reach. These trees are part of an ecosystem formed to survive brutal conditions. But the giant spruce trees of the Yukon, some centuries old, are no match for a relative newcomer: a tiny insect known as the bark beetle. The forests, it turns out, were once protected by cold, cold winters. The beetle could not survive. But warmer temperatures have allowed this invasive species to travel into higher latitudes and wreak unnatural havoc. In once pristine forests, there was devastation. Millions of acres infested. Whole swaths of land - once green - now brown.

When we arrived in Barrow, virtually everyone I spoke to had a personal wake up call about what was happening in the climate. A visit to a boyhood watering hole revealed a dried up lakebed. A native village uprooted by erosion. I met lifelong participants in dogsled races who told me they no longer even needed to wear gloves during those races. At the top of the world, you hear stories -- affirmed by decades of scientific investigation -- of changing weather patterns, melting ice, retreating glaciers, unprecedented wildfires, eroding coasts, and invasive species. You can see the evidence with your own eyes. There are no climate change skeptics inside the Arctic Circle."

Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton
The American Presidency Project
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"Climate change involves complicated science and generates vigorous debate. Many are concerned about the effect of climate change on our environment. Many are concerned about the effect of climate change policies on our economy. I share these concerns, and I believe they can be sensibly reconciled.

Over the past 7 years, my administration has taken a rational, balanced approach to these serious challenges. We believe we need to protect our environment. We believe we need to strengthen our energy security. We believe we need to grow our economy. And we believe the only way to achieve these goals is through continued advances in technology. So we've pursued a series of policies aimed at encouraging the rise of innovation, as well as more cost-effective clean energy technologies that can help America and developing nations reduce greenhouse gases, reduce our dependence on oil, and keep our economies vibrant and strong for the decades to come."

President George W. Bush
The American Presidency Project
April 16, 2008
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"Prior to 1979, the extent of Arctic sea ice was measured haphazardly and sporadically. Some localized, nonstandardized measurements were taken periodically by ships without advanced positioning equipment and are not considered accurate. Satellite imaging has only allowed measurement from about 1979, coinciding with a period of climate warming, which makes it inherently nonrepresentative of longer time periods. ...

But from the limited data available, it does seem that in recent years the extent of Arctic sea ice has shown steady shrinkage. Overall, Northern Hemispheric ice cover has been trending downward at about 3 percent per decade."

Kenneth P. Green
Environmental Policy Outlook, No. 2
American Enterprise Institute
May 2008
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"At present, polar bear populations are robust and, according to native people, are considerably larger than they were in previous decades. ... Predictions of polar bear endangerment are based on two sets of computer models: one set predicts how much Arctic sea ice will melt as a result of global warming, and the other predicts how polar bear populations will respond. But computer models of climate are known to be fraught with problems, and the ecological models used to predict polar bear response are equally limited.

Because of extreme limitations in data, it is essentially impossible to decide whether polar bears are endangered and whether their habitat is threatened by man-made global warming or other natural climate cycles. This is acknowledged by the experts themselves—the actual IUCN/SSC report is more broad in naming causes and more conservative about estimating their effects.

What we do know about polar bears is that, contrary to media portrayals, they are not fragile 'canary in the coal mine' animals, but are robust creatures that have survived past periods of extensive deglaciation. Polar bear fossils have been dated to over one hundred thousand years, which means that polar bears have already survived an interglacial period when temperatures were considerably warmer than they are at present and when, quite probably, levels of summertime Arctic sea ice were correspondingly low."

Kenneth P. Green
Environmental Policy Outlook, No. 2
American Enterprise Institute
May 2008
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"According to a rough 1889 survey Kibo's icecap occupied about 12.5 square miles but this had dwindled to about 7.5 square miles by 1912, to about 4.3 square miles by 1953, and just over 1.5 square miles by 2003."

Felister Peter
IPP Media
August 14, 2008
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"'Higher temperatures make weather patterns more unstable': In fact, the reverse
is true. The world has warmed by 0.7 degrees C since 1900: yet, despite this warming, the number of landfalling Atlantic hurricanes shows no trend at all throughout the 20th century; the number of intense tropical cyclones and typhoons has been falling throughout the 30-year period of the satellite record; and it is settled science that, outside the tropics, warmer weather will generally mean fewer storms, because the differential between warmer and cooler parts of the globe will diminish."

Lord Christopher Monckton
Science & Public Policy Institute
January 5, 2009
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"No nation, however large or small, wealthy or poor, can escape the impact of climate change. Rising sea levels threaten every coastline. More powerful storms and floods threaten every continent. More frequent droughts and crop failures breed hunger and conflict in places where hunger and conflict already thrive. On shrinking islands, families are already being forced to flee their homes as climate refugees. The security and stability of each nation and all peoples—our prosperity, our health, and our safety—are in jeopardy, and the time we have to reverse this tide is running out."

President Barack Obama
The American Presidency Project
September 22, 2009
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"(1) In the last 2000 years, sea level has oscillated with 5 peaks reaching 0.6 to 1.2 m above the present sea level.
(2) From 1790 to 1970 sea level was about 20 cm higher than today.
(3) In the 1970s, sea level fell by about 20 cm to its present level.
(4) Sea level has remained stable for the last 30 years, implying that there are no traces of any alarming on-going sea level rise.
(5) Therefore, we are able to free the Maldives (and the rest of low-lying coasts and island around the globe) from the condemnation of becoming flooded in the near future."

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"Now, the UN’s vaunted 2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report turns out to contain a whopper. The report describes as 'very high' the likelihood that continued global warming will cause the glaciers in Himalayan Mountains to disappear by 2035 if not sooner. Amazingly, it turns out that the source of this claim is an unsupported statement of one researcher that appeared in a magazine article. Worse yet, the IPCC report’s editors knew full well that the assertion was based on speculation rather than peer reviewed science, and in fact it was disputed by several scientists when it appeared in early drafts. Nonetheless, it was left in for political reasons."

Ben Lieberman
The Foundry
The Heritage Foundation
February 1, 2010
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"Now a new report published on Wednesday in Nature addresses the impact of another greenhouse gas: nitrous oxide, or N2O, which is about 300 times as powerful as CO2 at trapping heat in the atmosphere. As with CO2, atmospheric concentrations of N2O have been boosted by human activity, mostly agricultural, by about 16% since the Industrial Revolution began. ...

But the Nature study throws an unexpected twist into the N2O story. Biologists had long assumed that the farming of cattle and other livestock was part of the reason for rising nitrous oxide levels, because the animals' grazing disrupts the natural cycle that draws nitrogen into the soil. Instead, according to new research, it turns out that in some places, grazing actually reduces N2O emissions. 'It's quite surprising,' says Steve Del Grosso, a soil scientist with the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service in Fort Collins, Colo., who wrote a commentary accompanying the research in Nature."

Michael D. Lemonick
April 7, 2010
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"My concern is that there has been no significant increase in extreme weather – just an  increase in its coverage with a more global media and an increase in its hype due to the political ramifications that climate change can have."

David R. Legates Ph.D., C.C.M.
Science and Public Policy Institute
October 5, 2010
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"In finding that GHGs [greenhouse gases] fit within the ‘capacious’ definition of the CAA [Clean Air Act] term ‘air pollutant,’ the Supreme Court relied on a provision that was included in the 1970 version of the CAA long before concern developed as to the effect of GHG emissions on climate change. Congress has thus never intentionally authorized EPA to regulate GHGs under the CAA. With EPA proceeding with GHG regulation, Congress must now decide whether such regulation represents wise public policy."

Peter Glaser
Hearing on "H.R.___, The Energy Tax Prevention Act of 2011"
Subcommittee on Energy and Power of the House Energy and Commerce Committee
February 9, 2011
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"Official statistics show that the population in areas threatened by global warming is actually rising. The expected environmental disasters have yet to materialize.

In October 2005, UNU said: 'Amid predictions that by 2010 the world will need to cope with as many as 50 million people escaping the effects of creeping environmental deterioration, United Nations University experts say the international community urgently needs to define, recognize and extend support to this new category of "refugee."'

It added that 'such problems as sea level rise, expanding deserts and catastrophic weather-induced flooding have already contributed to large permanent migrations and could eventually displace hundreds of millions.'"

Axel Bojanowski
Spiegel Online
April 18, 2011
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"Satellite measurements show global sea level has risen merely 0.83 inches during the first decade of the twenty-first century (a pace of eight inches for the century) and has barely risen at all since 2006. This puts alarmists in the embarrassing position of defending predictions that are not coming true in the real world.

The University of Colorado Sea Level Research Group is coming to their rescue. The NASA-funded group claims glacial melt is removing weight that had been pressing down on land masses, which in turn is causing land mass to rise. This welcome news mitigates sea-level rise from melting glacial ice and shows another of the Earth’s remarkable self-adjusting processes.

However, it is very inconvenient for alarmist sea-level predictions. Therefore, instead of reporting the amount by which sea level is rising in the real world, the Sea Level Research Group has begun adding 0.3 millimeters per year of fictitious sea-level rise to actual sea levels."

James M. Taylor
Policy Documents
The Heartland Institute
May 17, 2011
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"The Clean Air Act was passed in 1963, and was last significantly amended over 20 years ago, in 1990. That should raise the question of why the EPA has only now realized that it needs so many more bureaucrats to administer it. The answer is that the Clean Air Act doesn't apply to the emissions of what we now call greenhouse gases (GHG), especially carbon dioxide (CO2), from power generation.

The notion that the Act would empower the EPA to regulate GHG emissions began only a few years ago, when, at the height of global warming alarmism, a group of blue states, led by Massachusetts, banded together with a gamut of environmental pressure groups to sue the EPA, contending that greenhouse gases were indeed pollutants and that the EPA should regulate them under the Act. In short, the EPA, in its recent filings, is legitimizing a groundless activist lawsuit."

Iain Murray
The American Spectator
Competitive Enterprise Institute
October 3, 2011
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Library Topic: Clean Air Act

"...to treat CO2 and other such gasses as if they were particulate air pollution would eventually lead to the enforced deindustrialization of the United States. The expansion of the EPA would be the first step along that road. Yet the agency did not advance the argument that such an interpretation would lead to absurd results clearly not intended by Congress."

Iain Murray
The American Spectator
Competitive Enterprise Institute
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Library Topic: Clean Air Act

"Let me turn to some of the problems the non-pollutant CO2 is supposed to cause. CO2 does indeed cause some warming of our planet, and we should thank Providence for that, because without the greenhouse warming of CO2 and its more potent partners, water vapor and clouds, the earth would be too cold to sustain its current abundance of life. Other things being equal, more CO2 will cause more warming. The question is how much warming, and whether the increased CO2 and the warming it causes will be good or bad for the planet. More CO2 is supposed to cause cities to flood, parched agriculture, tropical diseases in Alaska, etc., and even an epidemic of kidney stones.

The argument starts something like this. CO2 levels have increased from about 270 ppm to 390 ppm over the past 150 years or so, and the earth has warmed by about 0.8 C during that time. Therefore the warming is due to CO2. But correlation is not causation. The local rooster crows every morning at sunrise, but that does not mean the rooster caused the sun to rise. The sun will still rise on Monday if you decide to have the rooster for Sunday dinner."

William Happer
Briefing Paper, No. 3
The Global Warming Policy Foundation
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"Let me summarize how the key issues appear to me, a working scientist with a better background than most in the physics of climate. CO2 really is a greenhouse gas and, other things being equal, adding CO2 to the atmosphere by burning coal, oil, and natural gas will modestly increase the surface temperature of the earth. Other things being equal, doubling the CO2 concentration, from our current 390 ppm to 780 ppm will directly cause about one degree Celsius warming. At the current rate of CO2 increase in the atmosphere —about 2 ppm per year— it would take about 195 years to achieve this doubling. The combination of a slightly warmer earth and more CO2 will greatly increase the production of food, wood, fiber, and other products by green plants, so the increased CO2 will be good for the planet, and will easily outweigh any negative effects. Supposed calamities like the accelerated rise of sea level, ocean acidification, more extreme climate, tropical diseases near the poles, etc. are greatly exaggerated."

William Happer
Briefing Paper, No. 3
The Global Warming Policy Foundation
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"Now the Environmental Protection Agency wants to regulate atmospheric CO2 as a 'pollutant.' According to my Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary, to pollute is 'to make or render unclean, to defile, to desecrate, to profane.' By breathing are we rendering the air unclean, defiling or desecrating it? Efforts are underway to remedy the old-fashioned, restrictive definition of pollution. The current Wikipedia entry on air pollution, for example, now asserts that pollution includes: 'carbon dioxide (C02)—a colorless, odorless, non-toxic greenhouse gas associated with ocean acidification, emitted from sources such as combustion, cement production, and respiration.'"

William Happer
Briefing Paper, No. 3
The Global Warming Policy Foundation
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Quote Page

Quotes on the environmental impacts of climate change.

Commentary or Blog Post

"A half mile below the ground at Prudhoe Bay, above the vast oil field that helped trigger construction of the trans-Alaska pipeline, a drill rig has tapped what researchers think could be the next big energy source."

This article vigorously disputes the findings of an article by Chris Thomas published in Nature that claims global warming will cause massive extinction.

"A half mile below the ground at Prudhoe Bay, above the vast oil field that helped trigger construction of the trans-Alaska pipeline, a drill rig has tapped what might one day be the next big energy source."

Danish researchers analysed ancient pieces of driftwood in north Greenland which they say is an accurate way to measure the extent of ancient ice loss.

Few places on Earth have seen starker changes in weather than this icebound island straddling the Arctic Circle. With that in mind, America’s top diplomat arrived here this week intent on calling attention to the perils of climate change.

Al Gore is one of the most vocal advocates for viewing climate change as a crisis. After the speech Mr. Gore drew criticism from the Center for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters, for misrepresenting an upward trend.

"'The catalytic converter has had a profound impact on our environment,' says Jim Kliesch, senior engineer for the Union of Concerned Scientists. Advances in the catalytic converter, which rolled out on GM's 1975 model-year cars, and computer-controlled fuel injection technology have all but eliminated tailpipe emissions, he says."

If the EPA were to administer the Clean Air Act as written with respect to greenhouse gases, then it would need to hire 230,000 more staff and spend $21 billion annually to deal with the deluge of paperwork that would result.

The largest ice shelf in the Arctic, a solid feature for at least 3,000 years, has broken in two and climate change is to blame, say American and Canadian scientists.

Climate change has contributed to a flattening of the complex, multi-layered architecture of Caribbean coral reefs, compromising their role as a nursery for fish stocks and a buffer against tropical storms, a study shows.

"In the 1770s the Lunar Society of Birmingham, England, whose members were some of the leading thinkers of the era, regularly gathered to discuss their concerns about global climate change. They were interested in the scientific aspects of the change, but being entrepreneurs as well as thinkers, they also formulated plans to cope with it. Their basic strategy was to stop the cooling of the earth by dragging icebergs away from the Arctic regions to let them melt in the tropics."

"The Arctic will retain its power to amaze for a long time. Yet it is now changing beyond the usual regional and annual variations in sea-ice formation, glacier melt and so forth. The Arctic is clearly melting. Its floating ice cap is shrinking and thinning and its glaciers are retreating. By the end of this century, maybe much sooner, there will be frequent Arctic summers with almost no sea...

Another good article that shows that the glaciers atop Kilimanjaro are being starved of precipitation because of extensive deforestation around the mountain.

The debate on global warming and increasing concentration of atmospheric greenhouse gases highlights the possibility of increased incidences of extreme weather events, as the earth's mean temperature is expected to rise steadily in future.

The arcane world of polar bear research was rocked recently by the suspension of a federal scientist in Alaska whose research on polar bear drownings in the Arctic raised major concerns about climate change.

"New evidence on the melting Pine Island Glacier (PIG), one of the melting Antarctic glaciers that some scientists feel may pose a threat to sea level increases, suggests that it is not climate change that is causing the glacier to melt."

The Ice Ages are not over. We're still feeling the effects of the one that receded 12,000 years ago.

"Late for a party? Miss a meeting? Forget to pay your rent? Blame climate change; everyone else is doing it. From an increase in severe acne to all societal collapses since the beginning of time, just about everything gone wrong in the world today can be attributed to climate change. Here’s a list of 100 storylines blaming climate change as the problem."

Former Vice President Al Gore linked climate change to a rash of environmental catastrophes Thursday, from floods in Pakistan to drought in Texas and rampant algae blooms sucking oxygen from Lake Erie.

As with CO2, atmospheric concentrations of N2O have been boosted by human activity, mostly agricultural, by about 16% since the Industrial Revolution began.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration forecast an 85 percent probability there would be an 'above normal' hurricane season. This was the second year running the government hurricane forecast was wrong.

According to a new report published by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, the livestock sector generates more greenhouse gas emissions as measured in CO2 equivalent – 18 percent – than transport.

"The world's governments are beginning to come to grips with the reality that crude oil is a finite resource."

Researchers aren't sure what's killing the state's moose herd, but they suspect the decline has something to do with global warming.

GWPF has just released, for the first time, details of the defective process by which the 2035 Himalayas date got into an IPCC report. Inherent and serious flaws in the review process clearly emerge from this new evidence.

"The world economic downturn and upheaval in the Arab world might grab headlines, but another big problem looms: environmental change. Along with extreme weather patterns, rising sea levels, and other natural hazards, global warming disrupts freshwater resource availability -- with immense social and political implications. Earlier this year, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence published a report, Global Water Security, assessing hydropolitics around the world. In it, the authors show that international water disputes will affect not only the security interests of riparian states, but also of the United States."

"When Energy Secretary Stephen Chu announced a half-billion dollars in federal stimulus loans to solar panel maker Solyndra, he called the move part of an aggressive effort to put more Americans to work and end U.S. dependence on foreign oil. But nearly two years to the day later, the bankrupt Solyndra needs help just to keep it own electricity service from being shut off."

Estimates of future temperature increases derive from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), an international body charged with studying and informing policy makers on the science of climate change.

This article notes that while temperatures have been rising in recent decades, air pollution levels have been declining, thus suggesting that the impact on air pollution from global warming might not be as catastrophic as some predict.

Global warming, so the argument goes, is causing Arctic sea ice to melt, and, unless that process is arrested, polar bears will be unable to survive because they need Arctic sea ice to reach their primary source of food: seals.

It’s the very scariest claims — rapidly melting Himalayan glaciers threatening a billion people with flooding and then with drought, an increase in Katrina-scale disasters, and others – that are the ones on the shakiest ground.

If one thing more than any other is used to justify proposals that the world must spend tens of trillions of dollars on combating global warming, it is the belief that we face a disastrous rise in sea levels.

Global warming is supposed to cause dramatic decreases in polar ice caps, but this recent news item from NASA reports the Antarctic sea ice cover is actually increasing.

Recent scientific data and developments reveal that Mother Nature is playing a cruel joke on the promoters of man-made climate fears.

You don’t have to be a rocket scientist or a climatologist to realize this has been a killer weather year. Snowmaggedons in the east; deadly super cell tornados pummeling towns across the Midwest and South; record spring floods throughout the Midwest and Gulf; droughts and deadly fires racing through tinder-dry towns in Texas. Now we're on track to have a possible record-breaking number of hurricanes; three cyclones now spinning in the Atlantic and Gulf could threaten our rain-soaked coasts and waterways.

[O]ne of the standout presentations at the Heartland Institute’s fourth International Conference on Climate Change was the one by Nils-Axel Morner, former emeritus head of the paleogeophysics and geodynamics department at Stockholm University.

The University of Colorado’s NASA-funded Sea Level Research Group has announced it will begin adding a scientifically unjustified 0.3 millimeters per year to its Global Mean Sea Level Time Series.

Researchers have discovered that contrary to popular belief half of the ice flows in the Karakoram range of the mountains are actually growing rather than shrinking. It challenges claims made in a 2007 report by the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change that the glaciers would be gone by 2035.

The general arguments against the possibility of serious adverse environmental impacts caused by global warming and the important point that catastrophic scenarios are the product of unreliable computer models.

This op-ed argues that arctic warming may be helping polar bears thrive and adding diversity of species to the Arctic.

Environmentalists have convinced the public that global warming is looming. Yet the evidence is far from conclusive–and the proposed remedies are based on politics, not science.

Recent research on Kilimanjaro points to manmade local and regional factors playing the leading role in the shrinking ice pack.

Back on April 11th, Gavin Atkins of Asian Correspondent asked this simple question: What happened to the climate refugees?

Six years ago, the United Nations issued a dramatic warning that the world would have to cope with 50 million climate refugees by 2010.

It seems that virtually every news organ has carried the story of scientific claims by 2050 over a million species will be doomed to extinction owing to the effects of global warming.

Climate change plays a role here: as sea levels rose, Tuvalu's groundwater became increasingly saline and undrinkable, leaving the island dependent on rainwater.

Chart or Graph

Despite concerns that air pollution levels have been rising in recent years, this chart demonstrates how various air pollution contributors such as carbon monoxide and sulfur dioxide have actually declined in the last several decades.

This map was originally released by the United Nations in an attempt to show how climate change would displace a decent amount of the world's population. The U.N. specifically stated that there would be "50 million climate refugees by 2010."

The red bars show the global annual average near-surface temperature anomalies from 1850 to 2007. The error bars show the 95% uncertainty range on the annual averages.

The chart shows the global average sea-surface temperature from 1850 to 2008.

The chart shows the estimated global average temperature between 1850 and 2008.

Until Democrats and Republicans start launching their own satellites into space you can count on this site to show you the up-to-date raw facts about global sea ice.

Sea level curve for the last 5000 years for the Maldives.

Despite claims that global warming will contribute to environmental problems such as air pollution, this chart demonstrates that air pollution levels have declined as temperatures have risen over the last several decades.

Site records of sea ice around Antarctica reveal an overall increase in the southern hemisphere ice since the late 1970s.

Current Arctic sea-ice extent is barely distinguishable from the extent observed by the satellites on the same day in 1980, the first year in which satellite coverage allowed the extent of the ice to be reliably monitored.

The difference between IPCC sea level models and observed sea level changes.

Analysis Report White Paper

This comprehensive almanac details the state of many environmental concerns, including air pollution, water pollution, climate change, and energy.

Most assessments of the environmental and economic consequences of climate change focus solely on negative, often catastrophic, scenarios. This article seeks to achieve a balance by exploring the potential economic benefits of a rise in global temperatures, as well as addressing the potential costs.

How sensitive are intensively-managed and lightly-impacted ecosystems to different levels of climate change?

This Article examines the challenges global climate change presents for the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and its primary administrative agency, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS).

"The Heartland Institute is pleased to partner once again with the Science and Environmental Policy Project and the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change on a report that makes a serious contribution to the global debate over the causes and consequences of climate change."

Scientific debate continues regarding the extent to which human activities contribute to global warming and what the potential impact on the environment might be.

"Recent weather events such as deadly heat waves and devastating floods have sparked popular interest in understanding the role of global warming in driving extreme weather. These events are part of a new pattern of more extreme weather across the globe, shaped in part by human-induced climate change.

"The popular notion that polar bears are declining or already expatriated worldwide has been initiated and perpetuated by environmental organizations and individuals who apparently believe that current subpopulation numbers and trends are an insufficient basis for an appropriate status determination."

Dr. Legates argues against the political bias in Environment America, and he proposes that their statements regarding global warming are false.

"This paper brings forth observational and theoretical evidence to show that rising levels of CO2 have not had any observable association with increases in global tropical cyclone frequency and intensity."

"As global warming causes hot summer days to get hotter, concentrations of an air pollutant called ozone increase—forming lung-damaging pollution commonly known as smog."

On the basis of current evidence, it is difficult to sustain the notion that climate change is the greatest threat to public health or the environment today. But what about the future?

"Environmental groups are intensely aware of the power charismatic species have to both capture the imagination of the public and serve as levers to emplace environmental restrictions and regulations."

"In the last two years, a remarkable amount of disturbing news has been published concerning global warming, largely concentrating on melting of polar ice, tropical storms and hurricanes, and mass extinctions."

Livestock’s long shadow helps raise the attention of the general public to the very substantial contribution of animal agriculture to climate change and air pollution, to land, soil and water degradation and to the reduction of biodiversity.

Climate change is mainly projected to add to existing problems, rather than create new ones. Of particular significance are four categories of hazards to human health and safety which have frequently been cited as major reasons for controlling greenhouse gas emissions.

Research done to determine whether the vacation paradise of the Maldives will be underwater due to glacial melting.

Researchers have found extreme and destructive rainfall events were more common in many parts of the world during the Little Ice Age than they have been subsequently, contradicting the forecasts of the IPCC.

A study on whether or not polar ice melt is negatively affecting polar bears.

This report discusses a variety of ways in which anthropogenic global warming proponents believe greenhouse gas emissions are harming the environment.

This paper, published by Oregon State University professors Paul Murtaugh of the Department of Statistics and Micheal Schlax of the College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, extends the study of individual's carbon footprints to the realm of reproduction.

Morphological and stratigraphical observational facts in the Sundarban delta provide data for a novel sea level reconstruction of the area. This sea level documentation lacks traces of a global sea level rise.

"Boston University's Robert Kaufmann and colleagues recently published a paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences examining the causes of the recent dearth of 'global warming.' They concluded that it's simply natural variability, augmented by increasing sulfate emissions from dramatically growing coal consumption by China."

Observational facts indicate that sea level is by no means in a rapidly rising mode, but rather quite stable.

This paper assesses the economic impact of climate change on global timber markets. ... The results suggest that climate change may enhance global timber production and reduce prices.

I am a strong supporter of a clean environment. We need to be vigilant to keep our land, air and waters free of real pollution, particulates, heavy metals, pathogens, but carbon dioxide (CO2) is not one of these pollutants.

An article discussing the estimates in regional and global observed temperature changes. It notes a rising uncertainty in previous data.

"In an assessment on Global Water Security, U.S. Intelligence Community predicts that exploding populations in developing countries coupled with climate change would be naturally transformed into drought, floods and lack of fresh water."

This piece presents several common worries that global warming proponents fear will happen to the environment if global temperatures rise.

There is and will be no better example of these limiting factors than the fit between the ESA and climate change. In short, asking the ESA to take on the causes of climate change is like asking pit bulls to fly.


2009 International Conference on Climate Change Videos

From the site: "About 800 scientists, economists, legislators, policy activists, and media representatives attended the event, which took place at the New York Marriott Marquis Hotel. Produced by The Heartland Institute and 60 co-sponsoring...

This is the program summary page, each speaker listed links out to a video of their presentation. 2009 International Conference on Climate Change.

In this podcast, Patrick J. Michaels declares that there is such a thing as climate change, but it is not as bad as some make it out to be. Michaels declares that those who take this position are often severely condemned by both global warming proponents and opponents.

In this podcast, Patrick J. Michaels discusses the 2009 G20 summit and the worldwide struggle over climate change and emission issues.

Khandekar believes our advanced technology makes us more aware of extreme weather, thus causing us to believe that global warming is indeed contributing to increased environmental disasters.

That was the question at the core of a recent Oxford-style debate called Intelligence Squared U.S. Three experts argue in favor of a motion; three others argue against it. In this debate, the proposition was: "Global Warming Is Not a Crisis."

'Global Warming Is Not a Crisis' (listen)
Intelligence Squared & National Public Radio
March 22, 2007

In Favor of the Motion: Michael Crichton, Richard S. Lindzen, Philip Stott

Against the Motion:...

"We typically think of climate change as the biggest environmental issue we face today. But maybe it's not? In this presentation, Jonathan Foley shows how agriculture and land use are maybe a bigger culprit in the global environment, and could grow even larger as we look to feed over 9 billion people in the future."

Al Gore makes the case for the extreme crisis of climate change. After the presentation he pulled his slide showing the huge spike in natural disasters over the past century under pressure from the group that originated it. They complained that Mr. Gore misrepresented the data. See related content under Commentary and Blog Posts, regarding Al Gore's speech before AAAS.

Real Player video...

Consistent alternative view of climate change, which has arisen in the peer-reviewed scientific literature yet receives little public attention.

In this clip, Al Gore ... [compares] skeptics of climate change to racists during the Civil Rights Movement. Gore was sitting down for an interview with Alex Bogusky of the Climate Reality Project, and suggested that young people today whose parents do not believe in climate change are asking the same questions now that race-conscious young people in the 60s asked their parents.

In this video, long-time sea level scientist, Nils-Axel Morner, explains why sea levels are really not rising to such extreme levels as global warming alarmists contend.

In this eye-opening documentary viewers will discover how the most respected researchers from all over the world explode the doom and gloom of global warming.

A culture of scientific exaggeration and a political community that takes credit from having saved us from certain doom—a doom played out nightly on the network news.

This video features a debate on fossil fuels and their effect on the environment. Patrick Michaels argues that implementing a carbon tax in order to save the environment would be deadly, but his discussion partners disagree.

This video clip describes how attempts to place animals such as the polar bear and walrus on the endangered species list can help to lend credibility to the case of anthropogenic global warming proponents.

In his first address to the United Nations as Commander-in- Chief, President Obama addresses the pressing issue of climate change. The one-day UN summit brought together delegations from 90 nations.

"The United States Fish and Wildlife Service, at the urging of environmentalist groups, has added polar bears to the list of 'threatened' species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) despite record high populations of 25,000. What is the logic? Alleged CO2 induced global warming will lead to losses in Arctic sea ice, denying polar bears their habitat. Linking ESA and global warming has...

A dedicated, unabashed, free market capitalist, T. J. Rodgers takes a businessman's and engineer's view of global warming.

This film by the documentary-maker Martin Durkin presents the arguments of scientists and commentators who don't believe that CO2 produced by human activity is the main cause of climate change.

An excerpt of the documentary 'Global Warming Doomsday Called Off!' In this clip professor Nils Axel Morner, from Stockholm University travels to the Maldives and finds out that the ocean levels have dropped in recent years.

Primary Document

The question of how well the 1990 Amendments have succeeded in protecting public health and the environment from air pollution is very important.

In order to create a clean energy economy that will increase our Nation's prosperity, promote energy security, protect the interests of taxpayers, and safeguard the health of our environment, the Federal Government must lead by example.

That so many of us are here today is a recognition that the threat from climate change is serious, it is urgent, and it is growing.

The Clean Air Act is the law that defines EPA's responsibilities for protecting and improving the nation's air quality and the stratospheric ozone layer.

This is the text of the act, the link was provided via the organization River Network.

Of all the great social and technological changes of the 20th century, none may be more crucial to our well-being and that of future generations than the change that has occurred in the way we view our environment.

Climate change involves complicated science and generates vigorous debate. Many are concerned about the effect of climate change on our environment.

This report summarizes the science of climate change and the impacts of climate change on the United States, now and in the future.

The Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming will hold a hearing examining the links between global warming, extreme weather events, and how these events affect the world now and will in the future.

Climate change now looms as a more immediate and serious threat than ever before and in need of swift, effective Congressional action.

The main activity of the IPCC is to provide at regular intervals Assessment Reports of the state of knowledge on climate change. The latest one is "Climate Change 2007", the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released this statement following the discovery that some of their climate change assessments were based on faulty research. In their original report, the IPCC argued that climate change could melt glaciers in prominent mountainous regions. This statement declares that the report's "conclusion is robust, appropriate, and entirely consistent with the underlying science and the broader IPCC assessment."

"The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The major feature of the Kyoto Protocol is that it sets binding targets for 37 industrialized countries and the European community for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. These amount to an average of five per cent against 1990 levels over the five-year period 2008-2012."

A letter from Senator Inhofe requesting information on the investigation of polar bear scientist Dr. Charles Monnett.

For centuries Americans have drawn strength and inspiration from the beauty of our country. It would be a neglectful generation indeed, indifferent alike to the judgment of history and the command of principle, which failed to preserve and extend such a heritage for its descendants.

Here the Supreme Court ruled that the Environmental Protection Agency must develop automobile carbon dioxide (C02) emissions standards because the relationships of CO2 and other greenhouse gasses to global warming pose "a risk..."

You have recently held an undersea Cabinet meeting to raise awareness of the idea that global sea level is rising and hence threatens to drown the Maldives. This proposition is not founded in observational facts and true scientific judgements.

This brief speech given by Ban-Ki Moon elucidates the mindset that the UN has adopted in approaching the global climate change issue.

Lindzen talks about the natural variability in earth's climate, and the need to refrain from viewing climate change as a crisis.

My testimony today addresses the rising risk of extreme weather-related events as a result of climatic changes and their impact on water resources, with a focus on the western United States. In the short time available, let me provide a summary overview.

Unfortunately for the polar bear, the 'best available science,' and in fact all available science relating to global warming, sea ice, and polar bears, indicates the species faces global extinction in the wild by century’s end.

For 40 years, the Clean Air Act has safeguarded the health of all Americans, including our most vulnerable.

Congress should amend the CAA so that Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is not authorized to regulate GHGs for climate change purposes. Concerns about GHG emissions and climate change should be addressed through a different path.

Gore testifies about what he believes is "... a planetary emergency - a crisis that threatens the survival of our civilization and the habitability of the Earth."

This document provides a copy of some weather observations from 1922. According to the document, individuals were beginning to see signs of melting Arctic ice due to warming trends. The observations in this article suggest that warming and cooling cycles have been a part of recent climatic history.

To declare a national policy which will encourage productive and enjoyable harmony between man and his environment; to promote efforts which will prevent or eliminate damage to the environment and biosphere and stimulate the health and welfare of man.

My research is especially focused on the great ice sheets of Greenland and Antarctica, their potential for causing major changes in sea level, the climate records they contain, and their other interactions with the environment.