Supplement Your Education

Keep Learning

Curiously, not a few individuals are realizing that their education (K-12 and even college) neglected to provide them with as much understanding of the world as they would like. At Intellectual Takeout, we believe that however you feel about your education, there is still much to be learned. To that end, we'd like to refer you to one book and a collection of "study guides" that serve as excellent docents for supplementing and building upon your education. 

The first book is "The Well-Educated Mind: A Guide to the Classical Education You Never Had" by Susan Wise Bauer. The book is a helpful guide for picking up where formal education left off. Indeed, it not only picks up from that point, but also helps you cultivate a different approach and perspective to learning. An embedded copy of the first part of the book is available below. If you'd like to purchase it, you can do so at Amazon by clicking here.

 

The collection of study guides we recommend comes out of the Intercollegiate Studies Institute. Each guide focuses on a particular topic of interest, gives brief overviews of key issues within the topic, recommends different supporting books, and provides context for those recommendations. Once you click on one of the links below, you can order a copy of the guide. Additionally, several introductions to the guides are available for free online, just look for the following hyperlink below the cover image: "This guide is also available online."

A Student's Guide to American Political Thought 
by George W. Carey

A Student's Guide to Classics 
by Bruce S. Thornton
A Student's Guide to Economics 
by Paul Heyne
A Student's Guide to Liberal Learning 
by James V. Schall, S.J.
A Student's Guide to Literature 
by R. V. Young
A Student's Guide to Music History 
by R. J. Stove
A Student's Guide to Natural Science 
by Stephen M. Barr
A Student's Guide to Philosophy 
by Ralph M. McInerny
A Student's Guide to Political Philosophy 
by Harvey C. Mansfield
A Student's Guide to Psychology 
by Daniel N. Robinson
A Student's Guide to the Core Curriculum 
by Mark C. Henrie
A Student's Guide to the Core Curriculum and A Student's Guide to Liberal Learning 
written by Mark C. Henrie
written by James V. Schall, S.J.
narrated by Don Feldheim
A Student's Guide to the Study of History 
by John Lukacs
A Student's Guide to the Study of Law 
by Gerard V. Bradley
A Student's Guide to U.S. History 
by Wilfred M. McClay

More About This Topic...

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Quote Page

Commentary or Blog Post

"At least three companies linked by the Environmental Protection Agency to hazardous waste sites are being paid by the government to clean up their own sites, according to an investigation by the Center for Public Integrity."

"In sum, Superfund is not an effective way to reduce health risks. It reduced the traditional protections that people and companies can expect from legal due process, and it hasn't clearly helped anybody, except lawyers, consultants, and the EPA. Much the same has been shown to be true of many other regulatory programs. ...

Is there another way? Yes. The traditional way of dealing with...

"When one thinks of a Superfund site, the image is of a large landfill, a former mining pit, or an industrial site like Love Canal; places where massive contamination has released into the air, ground, or water over many, many years and where it is not safe to live, animals and benthic organisms may not even exist, and where the full power of the federal government is often needed simply to...

Sapien looks into the 114 toxic waste sites that, according to the EPA, are "not under control" and pose dangers to human health.  However, as Sapien points out, the EPA has been extremely evasive when outsiders (including U.S. Senators) ask for location and specific status of these sites.

What impact does Superfund have on real people? Robert Cox retells the story of how Superfund destroyed his business, a business he worked to build for 20 years.

"'We are facing a wide range of environmental problems, including the severe threats to our well being posed by climate change and water and air pollution,' Greenstone said. 'The findings suggest that less ambitious clean-ups like the erection of fences, posting of warning signs around the sites, and simple containment of toxics would free up resources to address environmental problems that...

This article discusses the problems with Superfund in the wake of reform efforts.

Chart or Graph

"Sites on the NPL are also categorized by types of industrial facilities or activities associated with the contamination, such as manufacturing, waste management, and recycling."

"Eleven companies received the most money in cost-plus contracts from the Environmental Protection Agency from fiscal years 1998 to 2005."

"The Superfund process begins when a potentially hazardous site is reported to EPA, usually by a state environmental agency, but sometimes by local or Tribal governments, individuals, and community groups."

This chart shows the number of sites proposed, deleted, finalized, and completed each fiscal year on the National Priorities List.

This chart shows the amounts of Superfund expenditures on administrative and programmatic costs for fiscal years 1999 through 2003.

The Hazard Ranking System (HRS) [shown above] is a numerically based screening system that evaluates five categories of concerns at each site.

"Figure II-8, from GAO's 2002 report on the Superfund Program, illustrates EPA's Superfund Program expenditures in FY 2002 for everything except expenditures to ORD and OIG."

"The total annual appropriation (including congressional earmarks) to the Superfund Program from 1993 to 2004 is shown in Figure II-7...."

Analysis Report White Paper

Tresch provides an excellent overview of the history of federal environmental law since 1970, the role of Superfund, and an assessment of Superfund.

Through interviews and a survey, this study examines Wisconsin's efforts to reform Superfund. Its background section provides a good introduction to the unintended negative outcomes of Superfund.

"The Clean Water Act and CERCLA should be revised so that liability attaches only if a new site owner leaves the site in worse condition than before. Such a law would encourage additional mining and additional cleanup."

This detailed study of, "the local welfare impacts of Superfund clean-ups of hazardous waste sites", ultimately concludes, "Overall, the preferred estimates suggest that the local benefits of Superfund clean-ups are small and appear to be substantially lower than the $43 million mean cost of Superfund clean-ups."

This article offers a comprehensive assessment of the cost-effectiveness of a selection of Superfund cleanups. The results reveal that many EPA Superfund remediations fail a partial benefit-cost test.

This report provides a critical analysis of Superfund and discusses possible ways to reform it.

Video/Podcast/Media

Lois Gibbs founded The Center for Health, Environment and Justice, an environmental grassroots group. While the video is edited, it gives a fascinating account from a resident affected by the hazardous waste at Love Canal. From a property rights/free market perspective, it's interesting to note that various levels of government took little to no action to uphold the property rights of the...

Primary Document

This report provides a detailed summary of the law authorizing the Superfund program.

"The National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP) defines the organizational structure and procedures for preparing for and responding to discharges of oil and releases of hazardous substances, pollutants, and contaminants in the United States. The NCP was developed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in response to the congressional enactment of The...

This very large report, prepared by the National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology (NACEPT), provides mountains of information regarding program expenditures, development of new sites for the National Priority List (NPL), history of the Superfund and NPL, progress, success and failure, cost effectiveness, and other deep analysis information. NACEPT is an independent...

In 1993, the EPA set out to reform Superfund and, in subsequent years, it has instituted 62 reforms. This GAO study assesses the effectiveness EPA reforms and concludes that the majority are not working, and that while progress may have been made, recent trends suggest progress may be eroding.

Books

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