Supplement Your Education

Keep Learning

Curiously, not a few individuals are realizing that their education (K-12 and even college) neglected to provide them with as much understanding of the world as they would like. At Intellectual Takeout, we believe that however you feel about your education, there is still much to be learned. To that end, we'd like to refer you to one book and a collection of "study guides" that serve as excellent docents for supplementing and building upon your education. 

The first book is "The Well-Educated Mind: A Guide to the Classical Education You Never Had" by Susan Wise Bauer. The book is a helpful guide for picking up where formal education left off. Indeed, it not only picks up from that point, but also helps you cultivate a different approach and perspective to learning. An embedded copy of the first part of the book is available below. If you'd like to purchase it, you can do so at Amazon by clicking here.


The collection of study guides we recommend comes out of the Intercollegiate Studies Institute. Each guide focuses on a particular topic of interest, gives brief overviews of key issues within the topic, recommends different supporting books, and provides context for those recommendations. Once you click on one of the links below, you can order a copy of the guide. Additionally, several introductions to the guides are available for free online, just look for the following hyperlink below the cover image: "This guide is also available online."

A Student's Guide to American Political Thought 
by George W. Carey

A Student's Guide to Classics 
by Bruce S. Thornton
A Student's Guide to Economics 
by Paul Heyne
A Student's Guide to Liberal Learning 
by James V. Schall, S.J.
A Student's Guide to Literature 
by R. V. Young
A Student's Guide to Music History 
by R. J. Stove
A Student's Guide to Natural Science 
by Stephen M. Barr
A Student's Guide to Philosophy 
by Ralph M. McInerny
A Student's Guide to Political Philosophy 
by Harvey C. Mansfield
A Student's Guide to Psychology 
by Daniel N. Robinson
A Student's Guide to the Core Curriculum 
by Mark C. Henrie
A Student's Guide to the Core Curriculum and A Student's Guide to Liberal Learning 
written by Mark C. Henrie
written by James V. Schall, S.J.
narrated by Don Feldheim
A Student's Guide to the Study of History 
by John Lukacs
A Student's Guide to the Study of Law 
by Gerard V. Bradley
A Student's Guide to U.S. History 
by Wilfred M. McClay

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Quote Page

Commentary or Blog Post

"I asked Fulton County high school teacher Jordan Kohanim to write a piece about what she wanted for her students this year. Jordan joined forces with fellow Centennial High School English teachers Larken McCord and Cathy Rumfelt to write a powerful letter about their goals for their students and for all students. School resumes in Fulton County on Monday

Here is their combined effort....

This article describes the various contentions and diverse viewpoints that have arisen over the implementation of No Child Left Behind. While the NCLB Act originally had wide margins of bipartisan support, the passage of time...

"At the GOP's convention in St. Paul, there was little mention of the administration's signature initiative. The new party platform doesn't reference NCLB and instead includes a new section - 'reviewing the federal role in elementary and secondary education' - signaling that Republicans intend to return to conservative principles. The platform calls for giving federal education funds to the...

"No Child Left Behind (NCLB) turned 10 yesterday, and the anniversary is a good time to assess the toll of federal education intervention and to identify steps Congress can take now toward restoring constitutional governance in education."

This article reports on the Obama administration's recent attempts to revamp No Child Left Behind. According to Burke, Obama's reform plans argue for more state control over school standards and an extension...

According to Rick Hess, the accountability standards laid out in NCLB have enabled individual states to determine their own scholastic achievement levels. Some states have taken...

According to McCluskey, dissatisfaction over inadequate achievement gains under No Child Left Behind was the principle motivator in causing South Carolina to lower its academic standards. This incident in South Carolina is a perfect demonstration of one of the most...

According to Jay Ambrose, NCLB has helped to improve academic achievement levels for children in America. Written during the midst of the 2008 presidential election campaign, this article notes that both Barack Obama and John McCain approved of the NCLB legislation, but that both...

This article weighs the pros and cons of NCLB. On the positive side, Chester Finn reports that No Child Left Behind has helped to improve test scores for disadvantaged and minority students. On the negative side, NCLB has inadvertently encouraged lower state standards, and in the process has...

According to Rick Hess, the reauthorization of NCLB greatly relies on public perception and opinion of its methods. Due to the relatively small amount of information on NCLB's public opinion levels, Hess seeks to determine the public's true feelings toward this...

"After being buffeted by Republican victories in the 2010 midterm elections, White House aides saw education as ripe for bipartisan cooperation. Both parties wanted to address complaints about the No Child Left Behind law. Congress seemed prepared to act.

But while the White House talked up cooperation in public, in private it was preparing Plan B. In December that year, Education...

Given the increasing role of federal government in education through NCLB, Dan Lips advocates for the A-PLUS Act, a piece of legislation that would return more educational control to...

According to Rep. Scott Garrett, "NCLB entirely missed the mark." Instead of simply "fiddling around the edges" of NCLB to make it a little better, Rep. Garrett suggests that a whole new program be inaugurated. Rep. Garrett's...

According to George Clowes, No Child Left Behind demands that "school districts to put a 'highly qualified' teacher in every classroom." This requirement stems from the idea that better teachers...

"Back in 2001, when the federally mandated No Child Left Behind initiative became law, most educators knew it would only be a matter of time.

Whether it was two years down the line or 10 years down the line, their school would almost certainly be impacted by sanctions stemming from the lofty initiative, which calls for all students to be 100 percent proficient in reading and math by...

This piece seeks to answer what Finn views as five common myths about NCLB. According to Finn, NCLB is not "an unprecedented extension of federal control over schools," nor is it "egregiously underfunded." This short article helps to bring rational clarity to the...

Chart or Graph

This chart traces the NAEP eighth grade reading scores for a variety of states and demonstrates that many are unable to reach the NAEP level of "proficiency." The chart is described in more depth below:

No Child Left Behind was signed into law in 2002 and was touted as a massive initiative to boost test scores in reading and math.

Analysis Report White Paper

In this piece, Cheri Yecke traces the origins of NCLB and describes the various ramifications it holds for individual states like Minnesota. Overall, Yecke seems to applaud the accountability efforts of NCLB, but she notes that a variety of changes would increase the law's effectiveness and workability for states, teachers, and students.

According to Schaffer and Hoekstra, conservative legislators lost their way when they threw their weight behind the federal education policy of No Child Left Behind. Schaffer and Hoekstra encourage a return to state control of education and specifically urge practices that place education decisions in the hands of parents.

This paper exposes the failures of NCLB in regards to boosting academic achievement scores. According to the authors, the creators of NCLB attempted to please two polar opposite political ideologies in its formation, and as a result, NCLB was doomed to failure from the start.

In this report, Lawrence Uzzell condemns the increased role of the federal government through the education policies of No Child Left Behind. Uzzell chronicles the many instances of fraud and abuse that NCLB’s policies have inadvertently encouraged school leaders to pursue.

Published shortly after No Child Left Behind was signed into law, this report compiles a variety of scholarly viewpoints and opinions on the implications and effects that NCLB would have on students, teachers, and states.

Krista Kafer provides an excellent analysis of the past, present, and future of the NCLB Act in this piece. Although the original plans for NCLB contained positive reform ideas such as school choice, they were quickly eliminated, and according to Kafer, NCLB became a more bloated and bureaucratic version of the ESEA of 1965.

"Collectively, these states and districts provide a case study in how determined states can undermine even tightly constructed laws like NCLB. And, as importantly, they provide a cautionary tale for members of Congress working to write the next version of the nation's most important education law."

This piece lays out the background behind the implementation of No Child Left Behind. According to Hess and Petrilli, NCLB was the result of bipartisan collaboration and combined the school reform ideas of the Right with the racial equity ideas of the Left.

This piece offers sensible resolutions for conservatives who believe they ended up with the short end of the rope in regards to No Child Left Behind. The authors of this piece describe how NCLB was created, specifically implying that conservatives were duped into accepting many key education policies which were traditionally touted by liberals.

This report looks into the choice aspect of NCLB and discovers that it is often neglected and overlooked by many schools and parents. The authors of this piece seek to discover the reasons behind this problem and suggest that schools are not doing their duty in informing parents of their options.


"Eric Hanushek of Stanford University's Hoover Institution talks with EconTalk host Russ Roberts about the current state of education and education policy. Hanushek summarizes the impact of No Child Left Behind and the current state of the charter school movement. Along the way, he and Roberts discuss the role of testing as a way of measuring achievement. The...

This podcast briefly answers many of the main questions about NCLB. Neal McCluskey explains the mindset of the Democrats and Republicans who originally passed the NCLB law, and then goes on to explain why many in these same parties have now turned against it. McCluskey also gives insight into why NCLB is not working and suggests several...

According to Neal McCluskey, "NCLB has been one big deception." In this podcast, McCluskey describes how many states are outwardly meeting the goals and expectations of NCLB. Inwardly, however, many states are lowering their own academic standards and trying to get by with the least amount of effort in hopes that NCLB will be obsolete by the time its expectations...

The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) is long overdue for reauthorization, and pressure is mounting to get it done before NCLB labels the vast majority of our schools as failures.

This short documentary describes the perceived successes and failures of No Child Left Behind. According to many of the teachers interviewed by CBS News, NCLB is a good program that is challenging both teachers and children to attain higher academic levels. Many teachers report that the extra funding that NCLB provides is the true reason why the controversial...

"The No Child Left Behind Act was meant to compel states to adopt high standards and rapidly improve K-12 education in public schools. It is now clear that NCLB has been a failure and has set the stage for even greater federal control over curriculum. The solution, contrary to what many advocates claim, is to get the federal government out of America's classrooms. Neal McCluskey, associate...

This video focuses on one of the more progressive objections to NCLB by criticizing the standards that it enforces on children and teachers. According to the individuals in this clip, NCLB focuses far too much on "teaching the test," and hence, fails to encourage proper development and learning in children.

Primary Document

"I was pleased to learn on February 9 that Minnesota is among the 10 states selected to receive Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) flexibility. We applaud President Obama, Secretary of Education Arne Duncan and Minnesota Education Commissioner Brenda Cassellius for their advocacy and leadership in moving toward a meaningful system of school improvement accountability."

"Under the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), states are required to report the percentages of students achieving proficiency in reading and mathematics for grades 3 through 8. For each subject and grade combination, the percentages vary widely across states. For grades 4 and 8, these percentages can be compared to the estimated percentages of students achieving proficiency with respect to the...

No Child Left Behind is a descendant of "The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965." Its opening lines describe it as "An Act [t]o close the achievement gap with accountability, flexibility, and choice, so that no child is left behind."

In his last policy speech as the President of the United States, President Bush addressed a group of people on the effects of his landmark education bill No Child Left Behind. Ever an enthusiastic supporter of NCLB, President Bush used...

In his speech celebrating the signing of the No Child Left Behind Act, President Bush stated that "[t]he fundamental principle of this bill is that every child can learn, we expect every child to learn, and you must show us whether or not every child is learning." This speech mentions the key players in the passage of NCLB, and also outlines the four main...

In this speech, Secretary of Education Arne Duncan urges his audience to put political differences aside and invest in education through the reauthorization of ESEA, otherwise known as No Child Left Behind. Duncan acknowledges the...

In this testimony, Chicago's public school CEO and future education secretary Arne Duncan describes the education advances made under NCLB. According to Duncan, Chicago's public schools made commendable progress under NCLB,...

In this testimony, Lisa Keegan speaks in favor of the reform policies that No Child Left Behind advocates. Keegan specifically speaks to the funding issues of NCLB, noting that many of the funds allotted to the program were not even being spent. As...