"There are two Affordable Care Acts. There's the legislation passed by Congress in 2009, and then there's the mythical Affordable Care Act – the perfidious 'government takeover' decried and demagogued by so many conservatives (and quite a few liberals). The former is quite popular, the latter gets decidedly mixed reviews."
Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP)
"The Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP, formerly the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP)) was created by the Balanced Budget Act of 1997, enacted Title XXI of the Social Security Act, and has allocated about $20 billion over 10 years to help states insure low-income children who are ineligible for Medicaid but cannot afford private insurance. States receive an enhanced federal match (greater than the state's Medicaid match) to provide for this coverage. In 2007, after President Bush and Congress could not agree on CHIP reauthorization details, the program was extended through March 2009. In February 2009, the Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009 was approved by Congress and signed by President Obama. In concert with the signing, President Obama sent a memorandum to CMS requesting that they immediately withdraw the August 17, 2007 Directive sent to state health officials which imposed conditions on states and limited their options to provide coverage to uninsured children. He requested that they implement CHIP from this time forward without these requirements."
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