When is rape not a crime? When it's pornography--or so First Amendment law seems to say: in film, a rape becomes 'free speech.' Pornography, Catharine MacKinnon contends, is neither speech nor free. Pornography, racial and sexual harassment, and hate speech are acts of intimidation, subordination, terrorism, and discrimination, and should be legally treated as such. Only Words is a powerful indictment of a legal system at odds with itself, its First Amendment promoting the very inequalities its Fourteenth Amendment is supposed to end. In the bold and compelling style that has made her one of our most provocative legal critics, MacKinnon depicts a society caught in a vicious hypocrisy. Words that offer bribes or fix prices or segregate facilities are treated by law as acts, but words and pictures that victimize and target on the basis of race and sex are not. Pornography--an act of sexual domination reproduced in the viewing--is protected by law in the name of 'the free and open exchange of ideas.' But the proper concern of law, MacKinnon says, is not what speech says, but what it does. What the 'speech' of pornography and of racial and sexual harassment and hate propaganda does is promote and enact the power of one social group over another.
Feminist positions on pornography currently break down into three rough categories. The most common one is that pornography is an expression of male culture through which women are commodified and exploited.
"During the past three decades, women have made notable gains in the workplace and in pay equity, including increased labor force participation, substantial gains in educational attainment, employment growth in higher paying occupations, and significant gains in real earnings. …
However, despite these gains the raw wage gap continues to be used in misleading ways to advance public...
Feminists oppose initiatives that give individuals more control, such as education policies that allow parents to choose their children's schools and Social Security reforms that offer individuals options for how to save for retirement.
"Researchers have debated for years whether men or women are likelier to engage in 'mate poaching.' Some surveys indicated that men had a stronger tendency to go after other people's partners, but was that just because men were more likely to admit engaging in this behavior? Now there's experimental evidence that single women are particularly drawn to other people's partners, according to a...
"Dr. Anthony Synnott may have not discussed some of the other hidden areas of gender differences that tend to obscure that women (mostly single mothers) are 2.5 times more likely to kill or injure their children, that children raised by single mothers are far more likely to have negative social outcomes compared to two biological parent families or single father homes, yet judges award...
"The institution that most strongly protects mothers and children from domestic abuse and violent crime is marriage. Analysis of the 1999 findings of the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), which the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) has conducted since 1973, demonstrates that mothers who are or ever have been married are far less likely to suffer from violent crime than are mothers who...
"According to all the media headlines about a new White House report, there's still a big pay gap between men and women in America. The report found that women earn 75 cents for every dollar men make. Sounds pretty conclusive, doesn't it? Well, it's not. It's misleading."
"If you've been paying attention lately, some companies are marketing to women very effectively, while others are not.
The smart ones are beefing up their customer service training, offering incredible return policies and providing intuitive 'e-mail a friend' tools. The slower-on-the-uptake companies may do as little as use photos of women on their sites and call it a day."
"Are women more interested in men who are already in a relationship? Female and male participants who were single or in a relationship viewed information about an opposite-sex other and indicated their interest in pursuing this target. Half of the participants were told that the target was single and half read that the target was currently in a relationship. The results showed that only single...
Men are increasingly receiving custody of their children, and single-father families with children are growing at a faster rate than even single-mother families. However, many observers still believe that custodial fathers are small in number. Indeed, there are a number of myths concerning custodial fathers, myths that are dispelled by empirical data.
Feminism in its classical phase was a momentous chapter in the history of freedom. But for most of the world’s women, that history has barely begun; for them, the classical feminism that succeeded here offers a tried-and-true road map to equality and freedom.
The central concept of feminist epistemology is that of a situated knower, and hence of situated knowledge: knowledge that reflects the particular perspectives of the subject. Feminist philosophers are interested in how gender situates knowing subjects.
The ideology of legal feminism today goes far beyond the original and widely supported goal of equal treatment for both sexes. The new agenda is to redistribute power from the 'dominant class' (men) to the 'subordinate class' (women).
This excerpt from Bork's book Slouching Towards Gomorrah -- Modern Liberalism and American Decline reflects on radical feminism and its impact on American cultural, political and educational institutions.
This report examines the linkages between early initiation of sexual activity, number of non-marital sex partners, and human well-being. In general, the earlier a woman begins sexual activity, the greater the number of non-marital sex partners she is likely to have over the course of her life.
Harvard professor Harvey Mansfield discusses his book Manliness with feminist author Naomi Wolf. In the book, Mansfield traces the meaning of the word from ancient times until today's gender neutral society.
This talk is a very nice example of the contemporary radical feminist perspective, especially their views of men, power, pornography, patriarchy, capitalism, justice, economic equality and environmentalism.
This debate between Harvard psychology professors Pinker and Spelke focused "on the research on mind, brain, and behavior that may be relevant to gender disparities in the sciences, including the studies of bias, discrimination and innate and acquired difference between the sexes."
This documentary features feminists voicing support for domestic workers. Because society undervalues women's work in the home, the services domestic workers perform are, the argue, underpaid and underprotected.
A short speech delivered by the famous abolitionist and former slave at the women's convention in Ohio, uniting the causes of the slaves and women, and arguing that she, too, is a woman, and deserves the same rights.
One of the earliest American campaigners for civil rights, ending slavery and women's suffrage, Weld's speech points out the corrupting and demoralizing effects of slavery, and calls for women to exercise their political rights and take an active role in abolition.
In this article, Walker coins the phrase "Third Wave" feminist. The article itself expresses her outrage with the confirmation of Clarence Thomas as a Supreme Court justice given the accusations of sexual harassment made by Anita Hill.
"This report presents information on receipt of support payments by women following divorce or separation and receipt of child support payments for children of never-married women. It includes information on the award and actual receipt of child support payments by women for the benefit of their children. The questions were not asked of men with children from an absent mother as the survey...
"This report focuses on the child support income that custodial parents reported receiving from noncustodial parents living elsewhere, and other types of support, such as health insurance and noncash assistance. The most recent data in this report are from the Child Support Supplement to the April 2010 Current Population Survey (CPS). It provides demographic information about custodial parents...
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott, two American activists in the movement to abolish slavery called together the first conference to address Women's rights and issues in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848.
There are few things which present greater obstacles to the improvement and elevation of woman to her appropriate sphere of usefulness and duty, than the laws which have been enacted to destroy her independence, and crush her individuality.
"A preliminary total of 4,609 fatal work injuries were recorded in the United States in 2011, down from a final count of 4,690fatal work injuries in 2010, according to results from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) program conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The rate of fatal work injury for U.S. workers in 2011 was 3.5 per 100,000 full-time equivalent (FTE)...
Betty Friedan's analysis that there is an "unnamed problem" in America, which defines women as capable of a certain role ignited a revolution that pushed anew for women's rights in the workplace and elsewhere.
The Woman's Bible, written by famous 19th Century feminist Elizabeth Cady Stanton and a 'Revising Committee', is one of the first attempts by women to evaluate the Judeo-Christian legacy and its impact on women through history.
Feminism is a movement, meaning a group working to accomplish specific goals. Those goals are social and political change -implying that one must be engaged with the government and law, as well as social practices and beliefs.
Schreiner traces the inequalities of labor practices between men and women. She examines how technology has effected social changes and advocates for women to be less dependent on men for economic support and well-being.
"This report provides a statistical picture of women in America in five critical areas: demographic and family changes, education, employment, health, and crime and violence. By presenting a quantitative snapshot of the well-being of American women based on Federal data, the report greatly enhances our understanding both of how far American women have come and the areas where there is still...
Alexander's accounts are original and thoughtful. Moving from a discussion of class and sexual difference to a reading of subjectivity informed by psychoanalysis, Alexander exposes the relationship between memory, history, and the unconscious.
McElroy’s book traces individualist feminism from those early roots until the present day. Her research demonstrates that in vital issues, government has been the real obstacle in preventing women from achieving personal freedom and equal rights.
Dworkin argues that in a society where men oppress women, they will use sex for that purpose as well, and that men's sexual dominion over women underpins the whole system of oppression codified in law.
In this major study, groundbreaking researcher Shere Hite challenges established views on the family, arguing that it is not collapsing--as advocates of traditional 'family values' would have us believe--but instead shifting from a rigid, patriarchial formula to increasingly egalitarian, custom-tailored variations.
In this book, Hoff Sommers examines the views and philosophy of third-wave feminists such as Gloria Steinem, Susan Faludi, Naomi Wolf and Catherine MacKinnon, and criticizes them for hurting legitimate women's rights issues by distorting, exaggerating and misrepresenting data.
The National Women's History Project, founded in 1980, is an educational nonprofit organization. Our mission is to recognize and celebrate the diverse and historic accomplishments of women by providing information and educational materials and programs.
The Association of American Educators (AAE) advances the teaching profession through personal growth, professional development, teacher advocacy and protection, as well as promoting excellence in education so that our members receive the respect, recognition and reward they deserve.