Spalding traces the roots of American progressives to German thinkers who believed in the "Administrative State." Here, government is controlled by administrators and "experts," rather than officials elected to represent the people. Spalding also notes that the Founders and the progressives differed in their view of the Constitution. Progressives believed in a "...
4th Amendment Seizure
Liability Assessment and Awareness International
This chart outlines a police officer's authority to detain, frisk, and arrest an individual under the Fourth Amendment.