Private Schools

In recent years, the era of school choice has provided the public with a vast array of new education options, including charter schools, home schools, magnet schools, and virtual schools. Before the advent of these education innovations, however, government-operated public schools had only one education option with which to compete: private schools.

According to a U.S. Department of Education report, "Private schools are owned and governed by entities that are independent of any government—typically, religious bodies or independent boards of trustees."

Interestingly, private schools were the norm rather than the exception in America's early history. While taxpayer money did fund some educational institutions, such as the Common Schools, many colonists continued the western tradition of educating their children through private tutors or other privately funded academies, such as those advocated by Benjamin Franklin. This trend continued into the first half of the 19th century: "Even as late as 1860, there were only 300 public schools, as compared to 6,000 private academies."

In the mid-19th century, however, a man named Horace Mann popularized the concept of government-funded and operated schools through the "common school movement." Mann declared that private schools were "training the children and youth under their care to be incapable of impartial thought." His advocacy for government schools grew in popularity as many Irish Catholics immigrated to America in the late 1800s and began establishing parochial schools. There was a great amount of anti-Catholic sentiment in America at that time, and the public schools were generally Protestant-friendly. With the common school movement, private schools gradually diminished in popularity, and attendance has remained low to this day. Today, only about 10% (5.3 million) of all America students attend private schools.

Low private school enrollment does not mean that private schools are an undesirable place for education, however. On the contrary, many people greatly admire private schools, especially for their strong emphasis on moral, religious, and civic training in a small community-like atmosphere. Many talented teachers also choose to work in private schools due to these facts, despite the lower pay and longer hours that come with the job.

Private schools are also admired for their good academic standing. According to a Department of Education study, private school students generally score better in reading and math than their public school counterparts do. But some suggest that this "private school advantage" is a result of student background, such as traditional families and affluence, rather than the educational value offered at private schools. Private school advocates counter this argument by pointing to data sponsored by the Department of Education which shows that private school students still perform better even after controlling for demographic differences such as race, family, and income.

One of the huge detractors of private education is the high cost of tuition. With average private/parochial school tuition hovering between $6,000 and approximately $8,500, many parents cannot afford to pay for private education. The generally quoted price tag of private education is not always as high as it seems. However, public schools cost an average of $12,500 per child, so some forms of private education seem to produce much more value for less cost. Also, private schools tend to offer financial aid to many students.

Vouchers and tax credits have commonly been proposed as solutions to help families with the high cost of private education. Voucher programs enable "education dollars [to] 'follow the child'" while also allowing "parents [to] select private schools and receive state-funded scholarships to pay tuition." Tax credit programs, on the other hand, allow parents to take a tax deduction for money spent on education expenses, or allow businesses to receive tax credits for the scholarships they give for children to attend a school of their choice. Tax credits are generally more desirable than vouchers to private school advocates, since vouchers often bring increased government regulation and oversight to private schools.

Some private schools have found creative ways to supply an affordable education to low-income families without tax credits or vouchers. Schools like Hope Academy and Christo Rey Jesuit High School in Minneapolis are a perfect example of this.

At Hope Academy, families pay what they can afford, and the rest of tuition is supplied through donations from various sponsors. The children are held to high standards, and as a result, Hope Academy far outscores neighboring public schools which suffer from drastic achievement gaps.

Christo Rey relies on donations as well, but its students are also involved in a work-study program that pays for their tuition and gives them real experience in the working world. Despite their disadvantaged backgrounds, Christo Rey's students are all graduating from high school and going on to college.

Despite the high costs, private schools are widely recognized as sound academic institutions. This topic will provide an in depth look at the history, cost, achievement, and many other components of private schools.

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This piece highlights the positive benefits that tuition tax credits offer. According to Van Beek, private schools are more effective in providing a high quality education to the children they teach. Implementing a tuition tax credit policy would allow businesses to help the community and...

"Many believe private schools generally achieve more than public schools. In big cities, as many as 80 percent of public school parents say they would send their children to parochial or independent schools if they could afford the tuition."

"Tradeoffs are an incurable part of reality. Unfortunately, many school choice supporters like to believe that there are no tradeoffs between school choice policies; public and private school choice, targeted or restricted, big or small, voucher or tax credits, it’s all choice and it’s all good. But some good things are better than others. And most things have some mix of positive and negative...

This article studies the most effective strategies for teaching reading. As expected, phonics education is the clear winner not only academically, but economically as well. In light of this fact, this article highlights the...

Do private schools offer a better education value than public schools?

This piece discusses two studies which bring opposing viewpoints to the public vs. private education issue. Most studies normally show that private schools produce better academic results, but one...

"Early colonial America was arguably the freest civil society that has ever existed. This freedom extended to education, which meant that parents were responsible for, and had complete control of, their children's schooling. There were no accrediting agencies, no regulatory boards, and no teacher certification requirements. Parents could choose whatever kind of school or education they wanted...

"One of the main objections people have to getting government out of the education business and turning it over to the free market is that 'it simply would not get the job done.' This type of thinking is due, in large measure, to what one historian called 'a parochialism in time,' i.e., a limited view of an issue for lack of historical perspective. Having served the twelve-year sentence in...

"One of the main objections people have to getting government out of the education business and turning it over to the free market is that 'it simply would not get the job done.' This type of thinking is due, in large measure, to what one historian called 'a parochialism in time,' i.e., a limited view of an issue for lack of historical perspective. Having served the twelve-year sentence in...

This article discusses recent legislative action in the U.S. House of Representatives. According to Holland, the legislation seeks to enforce greater regulation on private school disciplinary measures. Holland...

While many students enter our academic program at least one to two grade levels behind, they begin to thrive academically at Hope. As a school, our 2012 test scores are our best yet.

Hope Academy, a Christian private school, sits one block south of Peavey Park in a former hospital with an old coal smokestack out front.

Given the high level of Congressional resistance to school choice programs, this report seeks to discover whether or not Congressional members practice what they preach. According to this article, many...

Cristo Rey credits its success to the combination of school and work, which they say breeds confidence.

Contrary to popular opinion, private schools are not as expensive as many people claim that they are. Salisbury admits that there are exceptions to this claim, but in general, a majority of private schools charge less than $5,000 per year. Salisbury also notes that market...

"Andy Smarick opens The Urban School System of the Future with a depressing realization; 'The traditional urban school system is broken, and it cannot be fixed.' Over the next 170 pages, he outlines exactly how the system has failed and what we can do to transform it. His solution: dissolve the urban school district as we know it and replace it with a system of chartered schools. His analysis...

"Vouchers, tuition tax credits, and scholarships are being awarded in a growing number of states and big cities as a way of allowing more children to attend private schools, rather than government-operated public schools. Wherever these programs are implemented, critics claim that vouchers or tax credits won't give children from poor families access to private schools because the costs of such...

"The accepted wisdom is that private schools serve the privileged; everyone else, especially the poor, requires public school. The poor, so this logic goes, need government assistance if they are to get a good education, which helps explain why, in the United States, many school choice enthusiasts believe that the only way the poor can get the education they deserve is through vouchers or...

"In April 2004, the Global Campaign for Education launched its self-styled 'World’s Biggest Ever Lobby,' where 'politicians and leaders in 105 countries came face to face with children.' Nearly one million people joined in 'to speak out for the right to education.' Nelson Mandela added his voice to the 'millions of parents, teachers and children around the world' 'calling on their governments...

While reporting on President Bush’s attempt to regulate public school "civic education" through the medium of a "federal program," Marie Gryphon proposes that a wiser idea would be to encourage "state programs that improve access to private schools." In support of this...

A new national study reports that private school teachers are at least as committed to promoting traditional notions of citizenship as their public school counterparts.

For many people, a parochial school is the first thing that comes to mind when the phrase "private school" is mentioned. This article deals with the increasingly common occurrence of closed Catholic schools. As private Catholic...

This article describes the potentially damaging effects that the "Keeping Children Safe Act" could have on private education. If passed, this act could dramatically increase federal regulation and...

In this piece, Andrew Coulson gives a brief synopsis of a full length report on "Arizona's private schools." Coulson compares private schools to their public counterparts in a variety of areas, and finds that critics of school choice are unfounded in their claim of inept...

Raised as a strict Calvinist, this article describes how Horace Mann's rejection of Calvinism and acceptance of Unitarianism influenced his push to create government operated public schools. Brouillette also describes how Mann patterned his education ideas after Prussian concepts and...

"The first educational institution in Minneapolis was started by Rev. J.D. Stevens on the shores of Lake Harriet in 1834. It was for children, including those from Cloud Man's band of Mdewakanton Dakota and from Fort Snelling. By 1849, in St. Anthony, the first private or subscription schools opened. Then in 1851-52, a school was opened on the west side of the river by Mary Schofield."

"On July 14, 2006, the U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) released a study that compared the performance in reading and math of 4th and 8th graders attending private and public schools. The study had been undertaken at the request of the NCES by the Educational Testing Service (ETS). Using information from a national sample of public and private...

"What happens when parents have the opportunity to exercise choice and send their children to private schools? Children get an education that best meets their unique needs, and taxpayers get to put some hard-earned dollars back in their pockets."

"Most persons agree that children need the protection of the law against potential abuse by parents. But evidence shows that only a small minority of parents turn out to be delinquent. In practice it is very seldom indeed that governments remove children from their family home. At the end of the 1980s fewer than two children per 10,000 below the age of 18 were...

Founded in 2000 and graduating its first class of seniors this spring, Hope provides a 'God-centered education for the youth of the city,' with a commitment to make tuition affordable for all 300 students, regardless of income and religious persuasion.

This article launches into the imaginative realm of wondering what the education system would be like if public education was abandoned in favor of private education. Rockwell concedes that the beginning stages of this experiment would result in utter chaos; however, the final product could...

Chart or Graph

This chart compares how long public school teachers work compared to other jobs across the economy. It should be noted that in the aggregate, public school teachers work fewer hours per week than white collar and professional specialty occupations.

"Our analysis of these data is still in progress. However, in all cases analyzed so far—Ga, Hyderabad, and Kibera—students in private schools achieved at or above the levels achieved by their counterparts in government schools in both English and mathematics."

The data in this chart shows the education choices of the members of the 111th United States Congress, Democrats and Republicans in general, as well as members of specific committees in particular.

Figure 6 shows that at grade 4 there were no significant differences in mathematics performance between students in Catholic and Lutheran schools in 2003.

This chart, compiled by the National Center for Education Statistics, contrasts the Science, Mathematics, and Reading scores by public or private schools.

This graph shows what percentage of the members of Congress send their children to public and private school.

According to this chart, a student is most likely to stay in school if both parents live at home and if that student attends a private school.

According to this chart, children attending private schools increase their math scores by a greater margin than children who did not attend a private school.

This chart compares race relations between public and private schools.

This chart does give us a fairly accurate estimate as to the number of students attending private schools in the late 19th century.

This chart compares math and reading scores at Hope Academy with those at other neighboring Minneapolis schools.

This graph shows the trends of private school enrollment based on the type of private school.

"In 1999–2000, approximately 27,000 private schools, with 404,000 full-time-equivalent (FTE) teachers, enrolled 5.3 million students (table 1)."

Graph shows the level of participation for private schools in federal programs.

Figure 1 shows the racial/ethnic distributions for the 2003 grade 8 reading assessment.

"As shown in figure 5, among the three types of private schools, there were no significant differences in reading performance at grade 4 in 2003. The average scale scores in 2003 for students at grade 8 in both Catholic and Lutheran schools were higher than the average score for those in Conservative Christian schools."

"Table 5 shows the Regulation Index values for three groups of private schools: those in a voucher program (IsVoucher = 1), those in a tax credit program (IsCredit = 1), and those not participating in a choice program (IsVoucher = IsCredit = 0)."

This chart categorizes the types of private schools in the U.S. and then offers their average tuition rates.

"In Table 2, public and private school teachers are nearly identical in their years of experience, but private school teachers are more likely to have taught in public schools than vice versa (33 percent versus 12 percent)."

This chart compares the average hourly wages of both public and private school teachers. On the whole, public school teachers' hourly wage is 1.6 times higher than the hourly wages of private school teachers.

"Table 2 describes a particular group of private schools operating within a particular state. This hierarchical structure—groups of private schools within states—lends itself to a family of statistical analysis techniques known as multilevel modeling."

"A rough first estimate of the regulatory premia imposed by private school choice programs can be obtained by subtracting the default level of regulation pertaining to all private schools in a given state from the level of regulation imposed on private schools participating in a choice program."

Analysis Report White Paper

The authors of this paper declare that their method of "'regression analysis'" is far more effective in examining all factors of a student's achievement, and thus, when socio-economic backgrounds are taken into consideration, public school students are actually higher achievers than students in the private schools.

A recent study published by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) contains some surprising results based on a snapshot of student achievement data. According to the study, public school students are performing better than private school students in fourth grade mathematics

Touted by the NEA, this study seeks to adjust achievement data for private and charter schools based on their student demographic information.

School voucher and education tax credit programs have proliferated in the United States over the past two decades. Advocates have argued that they will enable families to become active consumers in a free and competitive education marketplace, but some fear that these programs may in fact bring with them a heavy regulatory burden that could stifle market forces.

This study examines data from a government survey of public and private school teachers. The researchers discovered that private school teachers generally express much more contentment about their salaries, professions, and surroundings than public school teachers do.

"Education policy discussions often assume that public school teachers are poorly paid. Typically absent in these discussions about teacher pay, however, is any reference to systematic data on how much public school teachers are actually paid, especially relative to other occupations."

This study presents new findings comparing public and private high schools using top-quality data from the Education Longitudinal Study (ELS), a long-term research project sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education. The ELS project tracks individual data on thousands of students, allowing researchers to conduct much better analyses than are possible with school-level data.

This paper calls into question the analysis methods used for a recent NCES study on private and public school achievement levels. The authors examine the NCES study and conclude that the techniques it used were not consistently applied to both types of schools.

This study takes a look at private education with regards to the international scene, particularly in various high poverty countries like India, Ghana, Kenya, and Nigeria. The researchers point out that contrary to popular thought, many private schools are effectively reaching underprivileged children and not just their wealthy counterparts.

This paper uses fourth-grade data to compare achievement in private franchise, private independent, and public schools in Chile.

Private schools (sometimes known as nonpublic schools) exist in the United States as corporate entities separate from public schools, which are supported by the government.

This report provides a first-of-its-kind descriptive summary of private school expenditures. It includes comparisons of expenditures among different types and affiliations of private schools, and it also compares those expenditures with public school expenditures for districts in the same state and labor market.

The school choice revolution that swept the nation in 2011 yielded the creation of seven new programs — with 27 total publicly funded private school choice programs. This year, more than 210,000 children participate in school choice programs, a record number.

Murray and Groen advocate for tuition tax credits, suggesting that further implementation of this school choice method will greatly reduce education expenses in Arizona.

The Canadian educational system has been influenced by geography, population, and natural resources. In some provinces, denominational schools exist within the public school system.

In the early Republic, no simple distinction between public and private schools existed. With the advent of the common school, a system of government-sponsored schools emerged.

Charters are drawing students from both traditional public and private schools. They draw a much larger share of their enrollments from private schools in large urban districts than from other districts. The flow of private school students into charters has important fiscal implications for districts and states.

This factsheet, provided by The Heritage Foundation, countains bullet-point style information regarding the D.C. Opportunity Scholarship program.

This piece explores the relationship between private schools and school choice. Salisbury examines the cost of private education in several U.S. cities and then compares those prices to the cost of public education. In most cases, private schools are able to provide a high-quality education for a much lower price than that of the public schools.

The authors of this report suggest that since teachers are the "experts" in the field of education, then finding out where they send their children to school would be a good indicator of where to find the best education experience. They find public school teachers are much more likely to enroll their own children in private schools.

Video/Podcast/Media

"School choice advocates use terms like 'education marketplace,' but should they? It's not entirely clear that a real market for education services exists at the K-12 level. So says John Merrifield, a professor of economics at the University of Texas. He's also editor of the Journal of School Choice. Merrifield argues, in new policy analysis of the Cato...

In this video, Charles M. North, Associate Professor of Economics at Baylor University, discusses the Private Education Tax Credit system in the State of Arizona with Deborah Sheasby of the Center for Arizona Policy.

This news clip comments on private school study done by a public school think tank called the Center on Education Policy (CEP). Whereas most public vs. private schools studies show that private schools give children an academic advantage, the CEP study reached a vastly different conclusion. This clip gives a brief overview of the results...

"Find out why some believe a higher moral standard to be the one of the reasons behind private, Catholic schools excelling over public schools."

"Colonel Nathaniel Green, Commandant of Cadets at Eagle Military Academy, addresses South Carolina state senators about the pressing need for School Choice in South Carolina."

Every graduation carries with it a degree of excitement. But at the Cristo Rey Jesuit High School on Saturday, there was excitement and so much more.

The Midwest Region finalist in WORLD's seventh annual Hope Award for Effective Compassion contest is Hope Academy in Minneapolis, a Christian private school that balances discipline and grace.

"Seminal research in the slums and shanty towns of Asia and Africa shows not only the numbers of low-cost private schools around the world but why, how and by whom they are run and patronised. Dr. Pauline Dixon looks at parental choice, the comparison between government and low-cost private schools as well as innovative initiatives that are currently underway in India and Ghana such as...

The video discusses the character Hope Academy instills in its students, the family relationships it promotes, and the academic success its students have in comparison to nearby public schools.

"An overview by the Council for American Private Education (CAPE) on why religious and independent schools are good for students, good for families, and good for America."

"Despite a struggling economy, the number of children in private schools is reaching record numbers."

"AEI's Program on American Citizenship presents scholars Gary J. Schmitt and Frederick M. Hess discussing why private schools are doing a better job than public schools when it comes to preparing students for the rigors of citizenship. 

This video is based on a new survey, High Schools, Civics, and Citizenship: What Social Studies Teachers Think and...

"The poor in Hyderabad, India face a lack of quality education in government schools, despite the Right to Education Bill, which was recently passed to ensure free and compulsory education for all children in India."

In this segment from Fox and Friends, Steve Doocy interviews Archbishop Timothy Dolan, who explains why private Catholic Schools typically perform better than public schools.

This video features a segment of an early debate for the 2008 Democratic presidential candidates. Each of the candidates explain whether or not they send their children to public or private school and why they choose either of those education options. The responses are mixed, for some of the candidates proudly highlight the years their...

Primary Document

"New York's Education Law requires local public school authorities to lend textbooks free of charge to all students in grades seven to 12, including those in private schools. Appellant school boards sought a declaration that the statutory requirement was invalid as violative of the State and Federal Constitutions, an order barring appellee Commissioner of Education from removing appellants'...

"Since 1989, the U.S. Bureau of the Census has conducted the biennial Private School Universe Survey (PSS) for NCES. The PSS is designed to generate biennial data on the total number of private schools, students, and teachers, and to build a universe of private schools in the 50...

"After a New York statute that appropriated public funds to reimburse both church-sponsored and secular nonpublic schools for performing various services mandated by the State, including the administration, grading, and reporting of the results of tests, both state-prepared and teacher-prepared tests, had been held to be violative of the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment in Levitt v...

The whole editorial charge of this paper, and all the incidental expenses belonging to it, we have voluntarily and gratuitously assumed, - in order that we might reach a class of persons, who never before have been addressed on the momentous subject of the moral and intellectual training of their offspring.

A FEW YEARS AGO, the question which required to be argued on the subject of endowments, was the right of the State to interfere with them....

This decision upheld a New Jersey program that established the precedent that a state may provide, with public money, bus transportation services to and from school to students in parochial schools.

The Condition of Education summarizes important developments and trends in education using the latest available data. The report, which is required by law, is an indicator report intended for a general audience of readers who are interested in education. The indicators represent a consensus of professional judgment on the most significant national measures of the...

"The President. May I simply start off by thanking you, sir, Pastor Rice. And Dr. Walker, of course, Dr. Heyman, Principal Susan King. And I understand there's a little overflow in the sanctuary; we'll greet them wherever they may be. And thank you for this warm welcome to this wonderful, wonderfully warm school environment. I know a little poster action went on over Memorial Day, and I see...

Today, you have conferred upon me the honorary degree of doctor of laws and granted me the status of an honorary alumnus of Pepperdine University.

"Minnesota has had an income tax credit for public and nonpublic education-related expenses since 1998 and a dependent education expense deduction since 1955. This information brief outlines the legislative and legal history of the deduction and credit, their effects on tax liability, and education tax credit and deduction programs in nine other states."

I'm going to spend almost all our time answering your questions, but before I do, there's one particular issue that I would like to discuss with you that concerns me very much.

"Education, more than anything else, demands not only a scientific acquaintance with mental laws, but the nicest art in the detail and the application of means, for its successful prosecution; because influences, imperceptible in childhood, work out more and more broadly into beauty or deformity, in after-life. No unskillful hand should ever play upon a harp, where the tones are left, forever...

In this case, "the court found that the parochial school system was 'an integral part of the religious mission of the Catholic Church,' and held that the Act fostered excessive entanglement' between government and religion, thus violating the Establishment Clause."

The Court's decision in response to this, established the "Lemon...

"The U.S. Supreme Court affirmed part of the petition and denied part:

The Court upheld programs that utilized public funds and/or employees to provide students in private schools with textbook loans and approved instructional materials and various auxiliary services (speech, hearing) had neither the primary effect of aiding religion or danger of fostering excessive government...

"Minnesota allows taxpayers, in computing their state income tax, to deduct certain expenses incurred in providing for the education of their children. Minn. Stat. § 290.09, subd. 22 (1982). ... The United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit held that the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment, as made applicable to the States by the Fourteenth Amendment, was not offended by...

"This case involves a state requirement that nonpublic high schools administer the same proficiency tests as public high schools to students prior to their graduation. Plaintiffs, who include or represent certain private secondary schools in Ohio, appeal the district court's decision upholding Ohio statutes requiring private as well as public schools to administer ninth grade proficiency tests...

"The challenged act, effective September 1, 1926, requires every parent, guardian, or other person having control or charge or custody of a child between 8 and 16 years to send him 'to a public school for the period of time a public school shall be held during the current year' in the district where the child resides; and failure so to do is declared a misdemeanor. There are ... exemptions-not...

In this case, the Society of Sisters, which ran a private religious school, brought suit against the state of Oregon for requiring that all children of a certain age attend public school. The Court ruled Oregon's law unconstitutional under the due process clause of the 14th Amendment.

"Good evening from the Clark Athletic Center at the University of Massachusetts in Boston. I'm Jim Lehrer of the NewsHour on PBS, and I welcome you to the first of three 90-minute debates between the Democratic candidate for president, Vice President Al Gore and the Republican candidate, Governor George W. Bush of Texas. The debates are sponsored by the Commission on Presidential Debates and...

This recent bill deals with behavior correction issues in school situations. Rather than simply applying to public schools, this bill also extends to private schools that receive federal funds, insisting that they comply with the behavioral procedures laid out...

According to the authors, "[t]his report describes participation of private school participants in federal education programs, the consultation process between private schools and public school districts, and public school district allocation of federal funds for services for private school participants." The report offers interesting facts about which private schools accept federal help or...

This report seeks to describe a variety of characteristics of American private schools. The authors study the types of private schools, student demographics, teacher perception, and many other elements related to private education. The report concludes that, "[p]rivate schools...

This document provides several thoughts from Benjamin Franklin on the type of education needed in the early colonial days. Among Franklin's lengthy list of educational ideas is the notion that America's children should be properly...

In this letter to the U.S. House of Representatives, the executive director of the Council for American Private Education makes the case for why the "Preventing Harmful Restraint and Seclusion in Schools Act" would cause numerous problems for private schools. McTighe argues...

A nation justly proud of the dedicated 'efforts of its millions of teachers and educators must join them in a searching re-examination of our entire approach to learning.

Our bill will be aimed at the middle- and lower income working families who now bear the double burden of taxes and tuition, while still paying local taxes to support the public schools.

In the eyes of John Locke, the education of a child includes more than books and schooling. Indeed, Locke’s thoughts on education cover the whole physical, mental, spiritual, and emotional being of the...

"Under the United States Constitution, parents have a fundamental right to direct the education of their children. In 1925 the Supreme Court recognized that 'liberty,' protected by the Fourteenth Amendment, includes the right to choose a private education. Confronted with an Oregon statute mandating public school attendance, the Supreme Court ruled the statute unconstitutional. Pierce v....

This report chronicles the differences between public and private schools in areas such as race, class, and academic achievement. This piece specifically focuses on student achievement in private schools and finds that "[s]tudents at grades 4, 8, and 12 in all categories of private schools had higher average scores in reading, mathematics, science, and writing than...

Among other things, this report from the U.S. Department of Education discusses the enrollment trends in private schools across the country.

The Christian school is to be favored for two reasons.

"Respondents, members of the Old Order Amish religion and the Conservative Amish Mennonite Church, were convicted of violating Wisconsin's compulsory school attendance law (which requires a child's school attendance until age 16) by declining to send their children to public or private school after they had graduated from the eighth grade. The evidence showed that the Amish provide continuing...

This decision upheld the constitutionality of the Cleveland Scholarship Program that provides financial assistance to parents to use for tuition at private or out of district public schools or for tutoring services.

Books

FAQs

This FAQ provides some background on education in Minnesota, which in turn will help one to understand today's state of education.

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Let's face it, most of us love to watch TV and movies. A wonderful way to spread ideas is to embrace our love of the cinema by hosting a movie night with friends and family.  There are numerous documentaries that do a fantastic job of sharing the ideas of liberty. You can pull a small group of friends together at your house or even consider asking a local restaurant or tavern to let you...
While there are a variety of really good documentaries about the failing public school systems in America, "The Cartel" stands alone in its frontal assault on the teacher unions, particularly those in New Jersey. If you'd like to get an inside look into how some teacher unions operate and the effects they have on education, you'll want to watch "The Cartel."From the movie's website: "This movie...
Another movie that tells the story of the failing public school model in the United States is “The Lottery”. It takes its own unique look at the systems by focusing on the use of lotteries to choose which children will be plucked from failing public schools and put into more successful public charter schools. Here’s the trailer:  You can watch the whole movie right now with the help of Hulu...
Watch "Waiting for Superman" to learn about the problems with the public education system.
Looking for an internship? If so, Intellectual Takeout has an opportunity for you. We have plenty of work to do as well as ideas to spread, and we need your help to get it done. If you're interested in an internship with Intellectual Takeout, you likely share our passion and you're excited about the possibility of working for a great cause. That said, you might have a few questions about what "...
How often do you hear conservatives being called a bunch of knuckle-dragging Neanderthals? Here's the reality: Conservatism, classical liberalism, and libertarianism have a rich, intellectual heritage reaching back many millennia. Our ideas are not just some historical relics from bygone eras; they are the very foundation of Western Civilization in general, amd the United States in particular....
Sadly (or happily for some), life goes on after college. So does the fight for freedom. Building friendships, networking, and growing the movement is critical after college. If our ideas are to be preserved and promoted, you need to stay involved. Plus, in a time when the individual seems to be ever more isolated and adrift, these groups can help plug you into social networks you can use....
Okay, so we don't expect you to drive a wooden stake into your flat screen. Plus, we're total hypocrites since we watch some TV. But here's the point: People waste a ton of time watching TV. If you're cool with government taking over your future, than keep watching Dancing with the Stars. If you consider yourself to be a free man or woman and want to live in a free society, then watch what you...
A great way to make a difference on your campus by spreading the ideas of individual rights, limited government, and free markets is to tutor. Plus, you can occasionally make a little bit of money. Depending on the subject matter, you will be discussing a variety of ideas, key thinkers, and theories. As anyone who has tutored knows, there are almost always opportunities to expand upon a topic....
In a highly regulated society such as ours, it's very easy to get yourself in trouble with the law. Learn more about how to protect yourself with the 5th Amendment and how to interact with the police.
The Association of American Educators (AAE) advances the teaching profession through personal growth, professional development, teacher advocacy and protection, as well as promoting excellence in education so that our members receive the respect, recognition and reward they deserve.

On Campus

Whatever activism you choose to do on campus, you need to get your story out. A popular tactic used by the Left is to isolate and intimidate freedom-loving students. You're not alone and there are a lot of people in your city, state, and country that can probably support your efforts. They just need to know what is happening. Whenever you can, record in-class bias, discrimination against...
The reality is that most students (and people for that matter) won't speak out. It's called human nature and it was recognized in the Declaration of Independence: "...all experience hath shewn that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed." While you might feel alone when debating a teacher,...
If you're not happy with the direction of the country and you want to take back your future, at some point you will have to do something. It's not enough to just know that we're going in the wrong direction. You actually have to step out and get involved. Most college campuses have conservative and libertarian student groups. Find one of them to join. Below is a list of some of the larger non-...
When it comes to campus life injustices, student fees rank high on any list. On most campuses across the country a mandatory student fee is assessed to each student at the beginning of the year. A portion of this fee, which may be several hundred dollars, will go toward funding various political, religious, and interest groups.  A college requiring you to support groups espousing ideas which...
In the land of the free and the home of the brave, speech codes are a particularly odious example of politically correct repression on many a college campus. In some ways, college campuses are the least free places for thinking and speech in America. Your best friend for fighting your school's repressive speech codes is the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (FIRE). Here's a short clip...
Running for office isn't easy, even in college. Not everyone is cut out for it, either. For those of you who are, this completely non-partisan section is for you. If you are inclined to pursue student government, we're not going to spend time on telling you how to get elected. A good place to go for ideas and training is CampusReform.org. Rather, we want to help you in office, as a believer in...
Now that you're at college and the initial excitement has worn off, maybe you're thinking that the course selection is a bit biased and you'd like some options. So how do you (the consumer) get the college (the business) to change up its offerings? It certainly won't be easy. Nevertheless it's something that should be done--particularly since you're footing the bill. A good, education in a free...
We've built Intellectual Takeout to provide you with quick, easy access to information. In time, we hope to become your one-stop-shop for the ideas of freedom. If your professor allows you to bring your laptop to class (if not, you can use an iPhone), we recommend keeping a tab open to Intellectual Takeout. As we continue to generate new content on the site, you will be able to fact check the...