Spalding traces the roots of American progressives to German thinkers who believed in the "Administrative State." Here, government is controlled by administrators and "experts," rather than officials elected to represent the people. Spalding also notes that the Founders and the progressives differed in their view of the Constitution. Progressives believed in a "...
The United States Constitution: From Limited Government to Leviathan
"Today the Federal government is very large and very powerful. Its annual budget exceeds the national income of the United Kingdom. The number of Federal employees is about the same as the entire population of Kansas. A host of government legislation, programs, and regulations affects Americans' lives. There are separate Federal departments to oversee agriculture, commerce, defense, education, energy, health and human services, homeland security, housing, justice, labor, transportation, and more. From the moment you get up in the morning until the close of the day, and from the day you are born until the day you die, the Federal government intrudes upon virtually every aspect of your life.
The Founding Fathers had a very different philosophy about the proper role of government. They envisioned a far more limited role than exists now. Moreover, they enshrined this view in the document that embodies the principles upon which the United States operates. The U.S. Constitution grants few specific powers to the central government.
The Constitution has not changed all that much since it was written in 1787, yet the Federal government has vastly expanded since that time, especially during the 20th century. How did this happen? How could it have happened, given the limits set forth by the Framers?"
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